The DOMImplementation.createHTMLDocument() method creates a new HTML Document.


const newDoc = document.implementation.createHTMLDocument(title)


title  Optional (except in IE)
A DOMString containing the title to give the new HTML document.


This example creates a new HTML document and inserts it into an <iframe> in the current document.

Here's the HTML for this example:

  <p>Click <a href="javascript:makeDocument()">here</a> to create a new document and insert it below.</p>
  <iframe id="theFrame" src="about:blank" />

The JavaScript implementation of makeDocument() follows:

function makeDocument() {
  let frame = document.getElementById("theFrame");
  let doc = document.implementation.createHTMLDocument("New Document");
  let p = doc.createElement("p");
  p.innerHTML = "This is a new paragraph.";
  try {
  } catch(e) {

  // Copy the new HTML document into the frame

  let destDocument = frame.contentDocument;
  let srcNode = doc.documentElement;
  let newNode = destDocument.importNode(srcNode, true);
  destDocument.replaceChild(newNode, destDocument.documentElement);

The code in lines 4–12 handle creating the new HTML document and inserting some content into it. Line 4 uses createHTMLDocument() to construct a new HTML document whose <title> is "New Document". Lines 5 and 6 create a new paragraph element with some simple content, and then lines 8–12 handle inserting the new paragraph into the new document.

Line 16 pulls the contentDocument of the frame; this is the document into which we'll be injecting the new content. The next two lines handle importing the contents of our new document into the new document's context. Finally, line 20 actually replaces the contents of the frame with the new document's contents.

View Live Examples

The returned document is pre-constructed with the following HTML:

<!doctype html>


Specification Status Comment
The definition of 'DOMImplementation.createHTMLDocument' in that specification.
Living Standard Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
createHTMLDocumentChrome Full support YesEdge Full support 12Firefox Full support 4IE Full support 9
Full support 9
Notes The title parameter is required, but can be empty string.
Opera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes


Full support  
Full support
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.

See also