Document.adoptNode() transfers a node from another document into the method's document. The adopted node and its subtree is removed from its original document (if any), and its ownerDocument is changed to the current document. The node can then be inserted into the current document.


const importedNode = document.adoptNode(externalNode);


The node from another document to be adopted.

Return value

The copied importedNode in the scope of the importing document.

After calling this method, importedNode and externalNode are the same object.

Note: importedNode's Node.parentNode is null, since it has not yet been inserted into the document tree!


const iframe = document.querySelector('iframe');
const iframeImages = iframe.contentDocument.querySelectorAll('img');
const newParent = document.getElementById('images');

iframeImages.forEach(function(imgEl) {


Before they can be inserted into the current document, nodes from external documents should either be:

Best Practice: Although Firefox doesn't currently enforce this rule, we encourage you to follow this rule for improved future compatibility.

For more on the Node.ownerDocument issues, see the W3C DOM FAQ.


Specification Status Comment
The definition of 'document.adoptNode' in that specification.
Living Standard

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also