FileReader.readAsDataURL()

The readAsDataURL method is used to read the contents of the specified Blob or File. When the read operation is finished, the readyState becomes DONE, and the loadend is triggered. At that time, the result attribute contains the data as a data: URL representing the file's data as a base64 encoded string.

Note: The blob's result cannot be directly decoded as Base64 without first removing the Data-URL declaration preceding the Base64-encoded data. To retrieve only the Base64 encoded string, first remove data:*/*;base64, from the result.

Syntax

instanceOfFileReader.readAsDataURL(blob);

Parameters

blob
The Blob or File from which to read.

Example

HTML

<input type="file" onchange="previewFile()"><br>
<img src="" height="200" alt="Image preview...">

JavaScript

function previewFile() {
  var preview = document.querySelector('img');
  var file    = document.querySelector('input[type=file]').files[0];
  var reader  = new FileReader();

  reader.addEventListener("load", function () {
    preview.src = reader.result;
  }, false);

  if (file) {
    reader.readAsDataURL(file);
  }
}

Live Result

Example reading multiple files

HTML

<input id="browse" type="file" onchange="previewFiles()" multiple>
<div id="preview"></div>

JavaScript

function previewFiles() {

  var preview = document.querySelector('#preview');
  var files   = document.querySelector('input[type=file]').files;

  function readAndPreview(file) {

    // Make sure `file.name` matches our extensions criteria
    if ( /\.(jpe?g|png|gif)$/i.test(file.name) ) {
      var reader = new FileReader();

      reader.addEventListener("load", function () {
        var image = new Image();
        image.height = 100;
        image.title = file.name;
        image.src = this.result;
        preview.appendChild( image );
      }, false);

      reader.readAsDataURL(file);
    }

  }

  if (files) {
    [].forEach.call(files, readAndPreview);
  }

}
Note: The FileReader() constructor was not supported by Internet Explorer for versions before 10. For a full compatibility code you can see our crossbrowser possible solution for image preview. See also this more powerful example.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
File API
The definition of 'FileReader' in that specification.
Working Draft Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
readAsDataURLChrome Full support 7Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 3.6IE Full support 10Opera Full support 11Safari Full support 6WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 32
Notes
Full support 32
Notes
Notes Using the camera in Android 8.x raises an exception. See bug 1511083.
Opera Android Full support 11Safari iOS Full support 6.1Samsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.

See also