HTMLElement: transitionstart event

Experimental

This is an experimental technology
Check the Browser compatibility table carefully before using this in production.

The transitionstart event is fired when a CSS transition has actually started, i.e., after any transition-delay has ended.

Bubbles Yes
Cancelable No
Interface TransitionEvent
Event handler property ontransitionstart

Examples

This code adds a listener to the transitionstart event:

element.addEventListener('transitionstart', () => {
  console.log('Started transitioning');
});

The same, but using the ontransitionstart property instead of addEventListener():

element.ontransitionrun = () => {
  console.log('Started transitioning');
};

Live example

In the following example, we have a simple <div> element, styled with a transition that includes a delay:

<div class="transition">Hover over me</div>
<div class="message"></div>
.transition {
  width: 100px;
  height: 100px;
  background: rgba(255,0,0,1);
  transition-property: transform, background;
  transition-duration: 2s;
  transition-delay: 1s;
}

.transition:hover {
  transform: rotate(90deg);
  background: rgba(255,0,0,0);
}

To this, we'll add some JavaScript to indicate where the transitionstart and transitionrun events fire.

const transition = document.querySelector('.transition');
const message = document.querySelector('.message');

transition.addEventListener('transitionrun', function() {
  message.textContent = 'transitionrun fired';
});

transition.addEventListener('transitionstart', function() {
  message.textContent = 'transitionstart fired';
});

transition.addEventListener('transitionend', function() {
  message.textContent = 'transitionend fired';
});

The difference is that:

  • transitionrun fires when the transition is created (i.e. at the start of any delay).
  • transitionstart fires when the actual animation has begun (i.e. at the end of any delay).

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Transitions
The definition of 'transitionstart' in that specification.
Working Draft Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also