HTMLFormElement: submit event

The submit event fires when a <form> is submitted.

Bubbles Yes (although specified as a simple event that doesn't bubble)
Cancelable Yes
Interface SubmitEvent
Event handler property GlobalEventHandlers.onsubmit

Note that the submit event fires on the <form> element itself, and not on any <button> or <input type="submit"> inside it. However, the SubmitEvent which is sent to indicate the form's submit action has been triggered includes a submitter property, which is the button that was invoked to trigger the submit request.

The submit event only fires when the user clicks a submit button (<button> or <input type="submit">) in a form. The event is not sent to the form when calling the form.submit() method directly.

Note: Trying to submit a form that does not pass validation triggers an invalid event. In this case, the validation prevents form submission, and thus there is no submit event.

Examples

This example uses EventTarget.addEventListener() to listen for form submit, and logs the current Event.timeStamp whenever that occurs, then prevents the default action of submitting the form.

HTML

<form id="form">
  <label>Test field: <input type="text"></label>
  <br><br>
  <button type="submit">Submit form</button>
</form>
<p id="log"></p>

JavaScript

function logSubmit(event) {
  log.textContent = `Form Submitted! Time stamp: ${event.timeStamp}`;
  event.preventDefault();
}

const form = document.getElementById('form');
const log = document.getElementById('log');
form.addEventListener('submit', logSubmit);

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'submit' in that specification.
Working Draft No change
HTML 5.2
The definition of 'submit' in that specification.
Recommendation No change
HTML 5.1
The definition of 'submit' in that specification.
Recommendation No change
HTML5
The definition of 'submit' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
submit eventChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 9Opera Full support 8Safari Full support 3WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support 10.1Safari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0

Legend

Full support  
Full support

See also