The HTMLImageElement property loading is a string whose value provides a hint to the user agent on how to handle the loading of the image which is currently outside the window's visual viewport. This helps to optimize the loading of the document's contents by postponing loading the image until it's expected to be needed, rather than immediately during the initial page load.


let imageLoadScheduling = htmlImageElement.loading;
htmlImageElement.loading = eagerOrLazy;


A DOMString providing a hint to the user agent as to how to best schedule the loading of the image to optimize page performance. The possible values are:

The default behavior, eager tells the browser to load the image as soon as the <img> element is processed.
Tells the user agent to hold off on loading the image until the browser estimates that it will be needed imminently. For instance, if the user is scrolling through the document, a value of lazy will cause the image to only be loaded shortly before it will appear in the window's visual viewport.

Usage notes

Timing of the load event

The load event is fired when the document has been fully processed. When images are loaded eagerly (which is the default), every image in the document must be fetched before the load event can fire.

By specifying the value lazy for loading, you prevent the image from delaying the load attribute by the amount of time it takes to request, fetch, and process the image.

Images whose loading attribute is set to lazy but are located within the visual viewport immediately upon initial page load are loaded as soon as the layout is known, but their loads do not delay the firing of the load event. In other words, these images aren't loaded immediately when processing the <img> element, but are still loaded as part of the initial page load. They justt don't affect the timing of the load event.

That means that when load fires, it's possible that any lazy-loaded images located in the visual viewport may not yet be visible.

Preventing element shift during image lazy loads

When an image whose loading has been delayed by the loading attribute being set to lazy is finally loaded, the browser will determine the final size of the <img> element based on the style and intrinsic size of the image, then reflow the document as needed to update the positions of elements based on any size change made to the element to fit the image.

To prevent this reflow from occurring, you should explicitly specify the size of the image's presentation using the image element's width and height attributes. By establishing the intrinsic aspect ratio in this manner, you prevent elements from shifting around while the document loads, which can be disconcerting or offputting at best and can cause users to click the wrong thing at worst, depending on the exact timing of the deferred loads and reflows.


The addImageToList() function shown below adds a photo thumbnail to a list of items, using lazy-loading to avoid loading the image from the network until it's actually needed.

function addImageToList(url) {
  const list = document.querySelector("");

  let newItem = document.createElement("div");
  newItem.className = "photo-item";

  let newImg = document.createElement("img");
  newImg.loading = "lazy";
  newImg.width = 320;
  newImg.height = 240;
  newImg.src = url;



Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also