IDBKeyRange.upperBound()

The upperBound() method of the IDBKeyRange interface creates a new upper-bound key range. By default, it includes the upper endpoint value and is closed.

Note: This feature is available in Web Workers.

Syntax

var myIDBKeyRange = IDBKeyRange.upperBound(upper[, open=false])

Parameters

  • bound specifies the upper bound of the new key range.
  • open indicates whether the upper bound excludes the endpoint value. The default is false. Optional

Return value

IDBKeyRange: The newly created key range.

Exceptions

This method may raise a DOMException of the following type:

Exception Description
DataError

The value parameter passed was not a valid key.

Example

The following example illustrates how you'd use an upper bound key range. Here we declare keyRangeValue = IDBKeyRange.upperBound("F"); — a range that includes the value "F" and everything before it. We open a transaction (using IDBTransaction) and an object store, and open a Cursor with IDBObjectStore.openCursor, declaring keyRangeValue as its optional key range value. 

If we used IDBKeyRange.upperBound("F", true);, then the range excludes "F"; and instead only includes the values before it.

Note: For a more complete example allowing you to experiment with key range, have a look at our IDBKeyRange-example repo (view the example live too.)

function displayData() {
  var keyRangeValue = IDBKeyRange.upperBound("F");

  var transaction = db.transaction(['fThings'], 'readonly');
  var objectStore = transaction.objectStore('fThings');

  objectStore.openCursor(keyRangeValue).onsuccess = function(event) {
    var cursor = event.target.result;
      if(cursor) {
        var listItem = document.createElement('li');
        listItem.innerHTML = '<strong>' + cursor.value.fThing + '</strong>, ' + cursor.value.fRating;
        list.appendChild(listItem);

        cursor.continue();
      } else {
        console.log('Entries all displayed.');
      }
    };
  };

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Indexed Database API 2.0
The definition of 'upperBound()' in that specification.
Recommendation
Indexed Database API 3.0
The definition of 'upperBound()' in that specification.
Editor's Draft

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also