counters()

The counters() CSS function enables nested counters, returning a concatenated string representing the current values of the named counters, if there are any. The counters() function has two forms: 'counters(name, string)' or 'counters(name, string, style)'. It is generally used with pseudo-elements, but can be used, theoretically, anywhere a <string> value is supported. The generated text is the value of all counters with the given name, from outermost to innermost, separated by the specified string. The counters are rendered in the style indicated, defaulting to decimal if no style is specified.

/* Simple usage  - style defaults to decimal */
counters(countername, '-');

/* changing the counter display */
counters(countername, '.', upper-roman)

A counter has no visible effect by itself. The counters() function (and counter() function) is what makes it useful by returning developer defined content.

Note: The counters() function can be used with any CSS property, but support for properties other than content is experimental, and support for the type-or-unit parameter is sparse.

Check the Browser compatibility table carefully before using this in production.

Syntax

Values

<custom-ident>
A name identifying the counters, which is the same case-sensitive name used for the counter-reset and  counter-increment. The name cannot start with two dashes and can't be none, unset, initial, or inherit.
<counter-style>
A counter style name or symbols() function, where a counter style name is a numeric, alphabetic, or symbolic simple predefined counter style, a complex longhand east Asian or Ethiopic predefined counter style, or other predefined counter style. If omitted, the counter-style defaults to decimal
<string>
Any number of text characters. Non-Latin characters must be encoded using their Unicode escape sequences: for example, \000A9 represents the copyright symbol.

Formal syntax

counters( <custom-ident>, <string>, [ <counter-style> | none ]? )

where
<counter-style> = <counter-style-name> | symbols()

where
<counter-style-name> = <custom-ident>

Examples

default value compared to upper Roman

HTML

<ol>
  <li>
     <ol> 
        <li></li>
        <li></li>
        <li></li> 
      </ol>
  </li>
  <li></li>
  <li></li>
  <li>
     <ol> 
        <li></li>
        <li>
           <ol> 
              <li></li>
              <li></li>
              <li></li> 
           </ol>
        </li>
      </ol>
  </li>
</ol>

CSS

ol {
  counter-reset: listCounter;
}
li {
  counter-increment: listCounter;
}
li::marker {
   content:  counters(listCounter, '.', upper-roman) ') ';
}
li::before {
  content:  counters(listCounter, ".") " == " counters(listCounter, ".", lower-roman) ;
}

Result

decimal-leading-zero compared to lower-alpha

HTML

<ol>
  <li>
     <ol> 
        <li></li>
        <li></li>
        <li></li> 
      </ol>
  </li>
  <li></li>
  <li></li>
  <li>
     <ol> 
        <li></li>
        <li>
           <ol> 
              <li></li>
              <li></li>
              <li></li> 
           </ol>
        </li>
      </ol>
  </li>
</ol>

CSS

ol {
  counter-reset: count;
}
li {
  counter-increment: count;
}
li::marker { 
   content: counters(count, '.', upper-alpha) ') '; 
}
li::before {
  content: counters(count, ".", decimal-leading-zero) " == " counters(count, ".", lower-alpha);
}

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Lists Module Level 3
The definition of 'CSS Counters' in that specification.
Working Draft No change
CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
The definition of 'CSS Counters' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
counters()Chrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1.5IE Full support 8Opera Full support 10Safari Full support 3WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support 10.1Safari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0

Legend

Full support  
Full support

See also