Intl.DateTimeFormat

The Intl.DateTimeFormat object is a constructor for objects that enable language-sensitive date and time formatting.

Constructor

Intl.DateTimeFormat()
Creates a new DateTimeFormat object.

Static methods

Intl.DateTimeFormat.supportedLocalesOf()
Returns an array containing those of the provided locales that are supported without having to fall back to the runtime's default locale.

Instance methods

Intl.DateTimeFormat.prototype.format()
Getter function that formats a date according to the locale and formatting options of this DateTimeFormat object.
Intl.DateTimeFormat.prototype.formatToParts()
Returns an Array of objects representing the date string in parts that can be used for custom locale-aware formatting.
Intl.DateTimeFormat.prototype.resolvedOptions()
Returns a new object with properties reflecting the locale and formatting options computed during initialization of the object.
Intl.DateTimeFormat.prototype.formatRange()
This method receives two Dates and formats the date range in the most concise way based on the locale and options provided when instantiating DateTimeFormat.
Intl.DateTimeFormat.prototype.formatRangeToParts()
This method receives two Dates and returns an Array of objects containing the locale-specific tokens representing each part of the formatted date range.

Examples

Using DateTimeFormat

In basic use without specifying a locale, DateTimeFormat uses the default locale and default options.

var date = new Date(Date.UTC(2012, 11, 20, 3, 0, 0));

// toLocaleString without arguments depends on the implementation,
// the default locale, and the default time zone
console.log(new Intl.DateTimeFormat().format(date));
// → "12/19/2012" if run with en-US locale (language) and time zone America/Los_Angeles (UTC-0800)

Using locales

This example shows some of the variations in localized date and time formats. In order to get the format of the language used in the user interface of your application, make sure to specify that language (and possibly some fallback languages) using the locales argument:

var date = new Date(Date.UTC(2012, 11, 20, 3, 0, 0));

// Results below use the time zone of America/Los_Angeles (UTC-0800, Pacific Standard Time)

// US English uses month-day-year order
console.log(new Intl.DateTimeFormat('en-US').format(date));
// → "12/19/2012"

// British English uses day-month-year order
console.log(new Intl.DateTimeFormat('en-GB').format(date));
// → "19/12/2012"

// Korean uses year-month-day order
console.log(new Intl.DateTimeFormat('ko-KR').format(date));
// → "2012. 12. 19."

// Arabic in most Arabic speaking countries uses real Arabic digits
console.log(new Intl.DateTimeFormat('ar-EG').format(date));
// → "١٩‏/١٢‏/٢٠١٢"

// for Japanese, applications may want to use the Japanese calendar,
// where 2012 was the year 24 of the Heisei era
console.log(new Intl.DateTimeFormat('ja-JP-u-ca-japanese').format(date));
// → "24/12/19"

// when requesting a language that may not be supported, such as
// Balinese, include a fallback language, in this case Indonesian
console.log(new Intl.DateTimeFormat(['ban', 'id']).format(date));
// → "19/12/2012"

Using options

The date and time formats can be customized using the options argument:

var date = new Date(Date.UTC(2012, 11, 20, 3, 0, 0, 200));

// request a weekday along with a long date
var options = { weekday: 'long', year: 'numeric', month: 'long', day: 'numeric' };
console.log(new Intl.DateTimeFormat('de-DE', options).format(date));
// → "Donnerstag, 20. Dezember 2012"

// an application may want to use UTC and make that visible
options.timeZone = 'UTC';
options.timeZoneName = 'short';
console.log(new Intl.DateTimeFormat('en-US', options).format(date));
// → "Thursday, December 20, 2012, GMT"

// sometimes you want to be more precise
options = {
  hour: 'numeric', minute: 'numeric', second: 'numeric', 
  timeZone: 'Australia/Sydney',
  timeZoneName: 'short'
};
console.log(new Intl.DateTimeFormat('en-AU', options).format(date));
// → "2:00:00 pm AEDT"

// sometimes you want to be very precise 
options.fractionalSecondDigits = 3; //number digits for fraction-of-seconds
console.log(new Intl.DateTimeFormat('en-AU', options).format(date));
// → "2:00:00.200 pm AEDT"


// sometimes even the US needs 24-hour time
options = {
  year: 'numeric', month: 'numeric', day: 'numeric',
  hour: 'numeric', minute: 'numeric', second: 'numeric',
  hour12: false,
  timeZone: 'America/Los_Angeles' 
};
console.log(new Intl.DateTimeFormat('en-US', options).format(date));
// → "12/19/2012, 19:00:00"


// to specify options but use the browser's default locale, use 'default'
console.log(new Intl.DateTimeFormat('default', options).format(date));
// → "12/19/2012, 19:00:00"

// sometimes it's helpful to include the period of the day
options = {hour: "numeric", dayPeriod: "short"};
console.log(new Intl.DateTimeFormat('en-US', options).format(date));
// → 10 at night 

The used calendar and numbering formats can also be set independently via options arguments:

var options = {calendar: 'chinese', numberingSystem: 'arab'};
var dateFormat = new Intl.DateTimeFormat('default', options);
var usedOptions = dateFormat.resolvedOptions();

console.log(usedOptions.calendar);
// → "chinese"

console.log(usedOptions.numberingSystem);
// → "arab"

console.log(usedOptions.timeZone);
// → "America/New_York" (the users default timezone)

Specifications

Specification
ECMAScript Internationalization API (ECMA-402)
The definition of 'Intl.DateTimeFormat' in that specification.

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobileServer
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung InternetNode.js
DateTimeFormatChrome Full support 24Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 29IE Full support 11Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 10WebView Android Full support 4.4Chrome Android Full support 25Firefox Android Full support 56Opera Android Full support 14Safari iOS Full support 10Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.5nodejs Full support 0.12
Notes
Full support 0.12
Notes
Notes Before version 13.0.0, only the locale data for en-US is available by default. See the DateTimeFormat() constructor for more details.
DateTimeFormat() constructorChrome Full support 24Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 29IE Full support 11Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 10WebView Android Full support 4.4Chrome Android Full support 25Firefox Android Full support 56Opera Android Full support 14Safari iOS Full support 10Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.5nodejs Full support 13.0.0
Full support 13.0.0
Partial support 0.12
Notes
Notes Before version 13.0.0, only the locale data for en-US is available by default. When other locales are specified, the DateTimeFormat instance silently falls back to en-US. To make full ICU (locale) data available for versions prior to 13, see Node.js documentation on the --with-intl option and how to provide the data.
formatChrome Full support 24Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 29IE Full support 11Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 10WebView Android Full support 4.4Chrome Android Full support 25Firefox Android Full support 56Opera Android Full support 14Safari iOS Full support 10Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.5nodejs Full support 0.12
Notes
Full support 0.12
Notes
Notes Before version 13.0.0, only the locale data for en-US is available by default. See the DateTimeFormat() constructor for more details.
formatRangeChrome Full support 76Edge No support NoFirefox No support NoIE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android Full support 76Chrome Android Full support 76Firefox Android No support NoOpera Android Full support 54Safari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support Nonodejs Full support 12.9.0
Notes
Full support 12.9.0
Notes
Notes Before version 13.0.0, only the locale data for en-US is available by default. See the DateTimeFormat() constructor for more details.
formatRangeToPartsChrome Full support 76Edge No support NoFirefox No support NoIE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android Full support 76Chrome Android Full support 76Firefox Android No support NoOpera Android Full support 54Safari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support Nonodejs Full support 12.9.0
Notes
Full support 12.9.0
Notes
Notes Before version 13.0.0, only the locale data for en-US is available by default. See the DateTimeFormat() constructor for more details.
formatToPartsChrome Full support 57
Notes
Full support 57
Notes
Notes Before version 71, formatToParts() returned an object with an incorrectly cased type key of dayperiod. Version 71 and later use the specification defined dayPeriod. See Chromium bug 865351.
Edge Full support 18Firefox Full support 51IE No support NoOpera Full support 44
Notes
Full support 44
Notes
Notes Before version 58, formatToParts() returned an object with an incorrectly cased type key of dayperiod. Version 58 and later use the specification defined dayPeriod. See Chromium bug 865351.
Safari Full support 11WebView Android Full support 57
Notes
Full support 57
Notes
Notes Before version 71, formatToParts() returned an object with an incorrectly cased type key of dayperiod. Version 71 and later use the specification defined dayPeriod. See Chromium bug 865351.
Chrome Android Full support 57
Notes
Full support 57
Notes
Notes Before version 71, formatToParts() returned an object with an incorrectly cased type key of dayperiod. Version 71 and later use the specification defined dayPeriod. See Chromium bug 865351.
Firefox Android Full support 56Opera Android Full support 43
Notes
Full support 43
Notes
Notes Before version 50, formatToParts() returned an object with an incorrectly cased type key of dayperiod. Version 50 and later use the specification defined dayPeriod. See Chromium bug 865351.
Safari iOS Full support 11Samsung Internet Android Full support 7.0
Notes
Full support 7.0
Notes
Notes Before version 71, formatToParts() returned an object with an incorrectly cased type key of dayperiod. Version 71 and later use the specification defined dayPeriod. See Chromium bug 865351.
nodejs Full support 8.0.0
Notes
Full support 8.0.0
Notes
Notes Before version 12.0.0, formatToParts() returned an object with an incorrectly cased type key of dayperiod. Version 12.0.0 and later use the specification defined dayPeriod. See Chromium bug 865351.
Notes Before version 13.0.0, only the locale data for en-US is available by default. See the DateTimeFormat() constructor for more details.
resolvedOptionsChrome Full support 24Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 29IE Full support 11Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 10WebView Android Full support 4.4Chrome Android Full support 25Firefox Android Full support 56Opera Android Full support 14Safari iOS Full support 10Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.5nodejs Full support 0.12
Notes
Full support 0.12
Notes
Notes Before version 13.0.0, only the locale data for en-US is available by default. See the DateTimeFormat() constructor for more details.
supportedLocalesOfChrome Full support 24Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 29IE Full support 11Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 10WebView Android Full support 4.4Chrome Android Full support 25Firefox Android Full support 56Opera Android Full support 14Safari iOS Full support 10Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.5nodejs Full support 13.0.0
Full support 13.0.0
Partial support 0.12
Notes
Notes Before version 13.0.0, only the locale data for en-US is available by default. To make full ICU (locale) data available for versions prior to 13, see Node.js documentation on the --with-intl option and how to provide the data.

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.

See also