Addition assignment (+=)

The addition assignment operator (+=) adds the value of the right operand to a variable and assigns the result to the variable. The types of the two operands determine the behavior of the addition assignment operator. Addition or concatenation is possible.

Syntax

Operator: x += y
Meaning:  x  = x + y

Examples

Using addition assignment

// Assuming the following variables
//  foo = 'foo'
//  bar = 5
//  baz = true

// Number + Number -> addition
bar += 2 // 7

// Boolean + Number -> addition
baz += 1 // 2

// Boolean + Boolean -> addition
baz += false // 1

// Number + String -> concatenation
bar += 'foo' // "5foo"

// String + Boolean -> concatenation
foo += false // "foofalse"

// String + String -> concatenation
foo += 'bar' // "foobar"

Specifications

Specification
ECMAScript Language Specification (ECMAScript)
#sec-assignment-operators

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See also