The concat() method concatenates the string arguments to the calling string and returns a new string.


str.concat(str2 [, ...strN])


str2 [, ...strN]
Strings to concatenate to str.

Return value

A new string containing the combined text of the strings provided.


The concat() function concatenates the string arguments to the calling string and returns a new string. Changes to the original string or the returned string don't affect the other.

If the arguments are not of the type string, they are converted to string values before concatenating.


It is strongly recommended that the assignment operators (+, +=) are used instead of the concat() method. 
According to this performance test, the assignment operators are several times faster.


Using concat()

The following example combines strings into a new string.

let hello = 'Hello, '
console.log(hello.concat('Kevin', '. Have a nice day.'))
// Hello, Kevin. Have a nice day.

let greetList = ['Hello', ' ', 'Venkat', '!']
"".concat(...greetList)  // "Hello Venkat!"

"".concat({})    // [object Object]
"".concat([])    // ""
"".concat(null)  // "null"
"".concat(true)  // "true"
"".concat(4, 5)  // "45"


ECMAScript (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'String.prototype.concat' in that specification.

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung InternetNode.js
concatChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 4Opera Full support 4Safari Full support 1WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support 10.1Safari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0nodejs Full support 0.1.100


Full support  
Full support

See also