<img>: The Image Embed element

L'elemento HTML <img> incorpora un'immagine nel documento. È un elemento sostituito.

L'esempio sopra mostra un uso molto semplice dell'elemento <img>. L'attributo src è obbligatorio e contiene il percorso dell'immagine che desideri incorporare. L'attributo alt contiene una descrizione testuale dell'immagine, non è obbligatoria ma è incredibilmente utile per l'accessibilità - gli screen reader leggono questa descrizione ai loro utenti in modo che sappiano cosa mostra l'immagine, e viene anche visualizzata sulla pagina se l'immagine non può essere caricata per qualche motivo.

Ci sono molti altri attributi che possono essere specificati per raggiungere vari scopi, ad esempio:

  • Controllo Referrer / CORS per motivi di sicurezza; vedi crossoriginreferrerpolicy.
  • Impostare una intrinsic size usando widthheight, è utile quando si desidera impostare lo spazio occupato da un'immagine per garantire che il layout della pagina sia stabile prima che venga caricato.
  • Responsive image hints using sizes and srcset (see also the <picture> element, and our Responsive images tutorial).

Formati delle immagini supportati

Lo standard HTML non fornisce un elenco di formati di immagine che devono essere supportati, quindi ogni user agent supporta un diverso set di formati.

Firefox

I formati di immagine supportati da Firefox sono:

Errori di caricamento delle immagini

Se si verifica un errore durante il tentativo di caricare o eseguire il rendering di un'immagine e un gestore di eventi onerror è stato configurato per gestire l'evento error tale gestore di eventi verrà chiamato. Questo può accadere in un certo numero di situazioni, tra cui:

  • L'attributo src è vuoto o null.
  • The specified src URL is the same as the URL of the page the user is currently on.
  • The specified image is corrupted in some way that prevents it from being loaded.
  • The specified image's metadata is corrupted in such a way that it's impossible to retrieve its dimensions, and no dimensions were specified in the <img> element's attributes.
  • The specified image is in a format not supported by the user agent.

Attributes

This element includes the global attributes.

alt
This attribute defines an alternative text description of the image.

Note: Browsers do not always display the image referenced by the element. This is the case for non-graphical browsers (including those used by people with visual impairments), if the user chooses not to display images, or if the browser cannot display the image because it is invalid or an unsupported type. In these cases, the browser may replace the image with the text defined in this element's alt attribute. You should, for these reasons and others, provide a useful value for alt whenever possible.

Note: Omitting this attribute altogether indicates that the image is a key part of the content, and no textual equivalent is available. Setting this attribute to an empty string (alt="") indicates that this image is not a key part of the content (decorative), and that non-visual browsers may omit it from rendering.

crossorigin
This enumerated attribute indicates if the fetching of the related image must be done using CORS or not. CORS-enabled images can be reused in the <canvas> element without being "tainted." The allowed values are:
anonymous
A cross-origin request (i.e., with Origin HTTP header) is performed, but no credential is sent (i.e., no cookie, X.509 certificate, or HTTP Basic authentication). If the server does not give credentials to the origin site (by not setting the Access-Control-Allow-Origin HTTP header), the image will be tainted and its usage restricted.
use-credentials
A cross-origin request (i.e., with the Origin HTTP header) performed along with credentials sent (i.e., a cookie, certificate, or HTTP Basic authentication). If the server does not give credentials to the origin site (through the Access-Control-Allow-Credentials HTTP header), the image will be tainted and its usage restricted.
If the attribute is not present, the resource is fetched without a CORS request (i.e., without sending the Origin HTTP header), preventing its non-tainted usage in <canvas> elements. If invalid, it is handled as if the anonymous value was used. See CORS settings attributes for additional information.
decoding

Provides an image decoding hint to the browser. The allowed values are:

sync
Decode the image synchronously for atomic presentation with other content.
async
Decode the image asynchronously to reduce delay in presenting other content.
auto
Default mode, which indicates no preference for the decoding mode. The browser decides what is best for the user.
height
The intrinsic height of the image in pixels.
importance
Indicates the relative importance of the resource. Priority hints are delegated using the values:

auto: Indicates no preference. The browser may use its own heuristics to decide the priority of the image.

high: Indicates to the browser that the image is of high priority.

low: Indicates to the browser that the image is of low priority.

intrinsicsize
This attribute tells the browser to ignore the actual intrinsic size of the image and pretend it’s the size specified in the attribute. Specifically, the image would raster at these dimensions and naturalWidth/naturalHeight on images would return the values specified in this attribute. Explainer, examples
ismap
This Boolean attribute indicates that the image is part of a server-side map. If so, the precise coordinates of a click are sent to the server.

Note: This attribute is allowed only if the <img> element is a descendant of an <a> element with a valid href attribute.

referrerpolicy
A string indicating which referrer to use when fetching the resource:
  • no-referrer: The Referer header will not be sent.
  • no-referrer-when-downgrade: No Referer header will be sent when navigating to an origin without TLS (HTTPS). This is a user agent’s default behavior if no policy is otherwise specified.
  • origin: The Referer header will include the page of origin's scheme, the host, and the port.
  • origin-when-cross-origin: Navigating to other origins will limit the included referral data to the scheme, the host and the port, while navigating from the same origin will include the referrer's full path.
  • unsafe-url: The Referer header will include the origin and the path, but not the fragment, password, or username. This case is unsafe because it can leak origins and paths from TLS-protected resources to insecure origins.
sizes
A list of one or more strings separated by commas indicating a set of source sizes. Each source size consists of:
  1. a media condition. This must be omitted for the last item.
  2. a source size value.

Source size values specify the intended display size of the image. User agents use the current source size to select one of the sources supplied by the srcset attribute, when those sources are described using width ('w') descriptors. The selected source size affects the intrinsic size of the image (the image’s display size if no CSS styling is applied). If the srcset attribute is absent, or contains no values with a width (w) descriptor, then the sizes attribute has no effect.

src
The image URL. This attribute is mandatory for the <img> element. On browsers supporting srcset, src is treated like a candidate image with a pixel density descriptor 1x unless an image with this pixel density descriptor is already defined in srcset, or unless srcset contains 'w' descriptors.
srcset
A list of one or more strings separated by commas indicating a set of possible image sources for the user agent to use. Each string is composed of:
  1. a URL to an image,
  2. optionally, whitespace followed by one of:
    • A width descriptor, or a positive integer directly followed by 'w'. The width descriptor is divided by the source size given in the sizes attribute to calculate the effective pixel density.
    • A pixel density descriptor, which is a positive floating point number directly followed by 'x'.

If no descriptor is specified, the source is assigned the default descriptor: 1x.

It is incorrect to mix width descriptors and pixel density descriptors in the same srcset attribute. Duplicate descriptors (for instance, two sources in the same srcset which are both described with '2x') are also invalid.

The user agent selects any one of the available sources at its discretion. This provides them with significant leeway to tailor their selection based on things like user preferences or bandwidth conditions. See our Responsive images tutorial for an example.

width
The intrinsic width of the image in pixels.
usemap
The partial URL (starting with '#') of an image map associated with the element.

Note: You cannot use this attribute if the <img> element is a descendant of an <a> or <button> element.

Deprecated attributes

align
The alignment of the image with respect to its surrounding context. This should no longer be used — use the float and/or vertical-align CSS properties instead. You can also use the object-position property to position the image within the element's box. The allowed values are:
top
Equivalent to vertical-align: top; or vertical-align: text-top;
middle
Equivalent to vertical-align: -moz-middle-with-baseline;
bottom
The missing value default, equivalent to vertical-align: unset; or vertical-align: initial;
left
Equivalent to float: left;
right
Equivalent to float: right;
border
The width of a border around the image. You should use the border CSS property instead.
hspace
The number of pixels of white space to insert to the left and right of the image. You should use the margin CSS property instead.
longdesc
A link to a more detailed description of the image. Possible values are a URL or an element id.

Note: This attribute is mentioned in the latest W3C version, HTML 5.2, but has been removed from the WHATWG’s HTML Living Standard. It has an uncertain future; authors should use a WAI-ARIA alternative such as aria-describedby or aria-details.

name
A name for the element. You should use the id attribute instead.
vspace
The number of pixels of white space to insert above and below the image. You should use the margin CSS property instead.

Styling with CSS

<img> is a replaced element; it has a display value of inline by default, but its default dimensions are defined by the embedded image's intrinsic values. You can set properties like border/border-radius, padding/margin, width/height, etc. on an image.

Often however it is a good idea to set images to display: block; so that you have maximum control over the styling (e.g. margin: 0 auto doesn't work on inline images, and it is easier to place images in context with surrounding elements when they are block-level).

<img> has no baseline, so when images are used in an inline formatting context with vertical-align: baseline, the bottom of the image will be placed on the container's baseline.

You can use the object-position property to position the image within the element's box, and the object-fit property to adjust the sizing of the image within the box (for example, whether the image should fit the box or fill it even if clipping is required).

Depending on its type, an image may have an intrinsic width and height. For some image types, however, intrinsic dimensions are not necessary. SVG images, for instance, may have no intrinsic dimensions if their root <svg> element doesn't have a width or height set on it.

Examples

Alternative text

The following simple example embeds an image into the page, and includes alternative text to improve accessibility.

<img src="https://developer.cdn.mozilla.net/media/img/mdn-logo-sm.png"
     alt="MDN logo — a dinosaur logo with the text MDN">

This example builds upon the previous one, showing how to turn the image into a link. It is very simple to do so — you just nest the <img> tag inside the <a>. One consideration is that you should made the alternative text describe the resource the link is pointing to.

<a href="https://developer.mozilla.org">
  <img src="https://developer.cdn.mozilla.net/media/img/mdn-logo-sm.png"
       alt="Visit the MDN site">
</a>

Using the srcset attribute

In this example we include a srcset attribute containing a reference to a high-resolution version of the logo; this will be loaded instead of the src image on high-resolution devices. The image referenced in the src attribute is counted as a 1x candidate in user agents that support srcset.

 <img src="mdn-logo-sm.png" 
      alt="MDN" 
      srcset="mdn-logo-HD.png 2x">

Using the srcset and sizes attributes

The src attribute is ignored in user agents that support srcset when 'w' descriptors are included. When the (max-width: 600px) media condition matches, the 200px wide image will be loaded (it is the one that matches 200px most closely), otherwise the other image will be loaded.

 <img src="clock-demo-thumb-200.png" 
      alt="Clock" 
      srcset="clock-demo-thumb-200.png 200w,
          clock-demo-thumb-400.png 400w"
      sizes="(max-width: 600px) 200px, 50vw">

Security and privacy concerns

Although <img> elements have many innocent uses, they can have undesirable consequences for user security and privacy. See Referer header: privacy and security concerns for more information and mitigations.

Accessibility concerns

Authoring meaningful alternate descriptions

An alt attribute's value should clearly and concisely describe the image's content. It should not describe the presence of the image itself, or the file name of the image. If the alt attribute is purposefully left off because the image has no textual equivalent, consider alternate methods for presenting the content the image is trying to communicate.

Don't

<img alt="image" src="penguin.jpg">

Do

<img alt="A Rockhopper Penguin standing on a beach." src="penguin.jpg">

When an alt attribute is not present on an image, some screen readers may announce the image's file name instead. This can be a confusing experience if the file name isn't representative of the image's contents.

The title attribute

The title attribute is not an acceptable substitute for an alt attribute. Additionally, avoid duplicating the alt attribute's value in a title attribute declared on the same image. Doing so may cause some screen readers to announce the description twice, creating a confusing experience.

The title attribute should also not be used as supplemental captioning information to accompany an image's alt description. If an image needs a caption, use a combination of the figure and figcaption elements.

Technical summary

Content categories Flow content, phrasing content, embedded content, palpable content. If the element has a usemap attribute, it also is a part of the interactive content category.
Permitted content None, it is an empty element.
Tag omission Must have a start tag and must not have an end tag.
Permitted parents Any element that accepts embedded content.
Permitted ARIA roles Any
DOM interface HTMLImageElement

Specifiche

Specifica Stato Commento
Referrer Policy
The definition of 'referrer attribute' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Aggiunto l'attributo referrerpolicy.
HTML Living Standard
The definition of '<img>' in that specification.
Living Standard
HTML5
The definition of '<img>' in that specification.
Recommendation
HTML 4.01 Specification
The definition of '<img>' in that specification.
Recommendation

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
imgChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
align
Deprecated
Chrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
altChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
border
Deprecated
Chrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
crossoriginChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
decodingChrome Full support YesEdge ? Firefox Full support 63IE No support NoOpera Full support YesSafari No support NoWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 63Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
heightChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
hspace
Deprecated
Chrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
intrinsicsize
ExperimentalNon-standard
Chrome Full support 71
Disabled
Full support 71
Disabled
Disabled From version 71: this feature is behind the #enable-experimental-productivity-features preference. To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Edge ? Firefox ? IE No support NoOpera Full support 58Safari No support NoWebView Android Full support 71
Disabled
Full support 71
Disabled
Disabled From version 71: this feature is behind the #enable-experimental-productivity-features preference.
Chrome Android Full support 71
Disabled
Full support 71
Disabled
Disabled From version 71: this feature is behind the #enable-experimental-productivity-features preference. To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Firefox Android ? Opera Android Full support 50Safari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android Full support 10.0
Disabled
Full support 10.0
Disabled
Disabled From version 10.0: this feature is behind the #enable-experimental-productivity-features preference.
ismapChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
longdescChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
name
Deprecated
Chrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
onerror
Deprecated
Chrome Full support YesEdge ? Firefox Full support 51IE ? Opera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 51Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
referrerpolicyChrome Full support 51Edge No support NoFirefox Full support 50IE No support NoOpera Full support 38Safari Full support 11.1WebView Android Full support 51Chrome Android Full support 51Firefox Android Full support 50Opera Android Full support 41Safari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android Full support 7.2
sizesChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
srcChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
srcsetChrome Full support 34Edge Full support YesFirefox Full support 38
Full support 38
No support 32 — 52
Disabled
Disabled From version 32 until version 52 (exclusive): this feature is behind the dom.image.srcset.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera Full support 21Safari Full support 8WebView Android Full support 37Chrome Android Full support 34Firefox Android Full support 38
Full support 38
No support 32 — 52
Disabled
Disabled From version 32 until version 52 (exclusive): this feature is behind the dom.image.srcset.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android Full support 21Safari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support 2.0
usemapChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
vspace
Deprecated
Chrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
widthChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
Non-standard. Expect poor cross-browser support.
Non-standard. Expect poor cross-browser support.
Deprecated. Not for use in new websites.
Deprecated. Not for use in new websites.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.

Vedi anche