The WebGLRenderingContext.blendEquation() method of the WebGL API is used to set both the RGB blend equation and alpha blend equation to a single equation.

The blend equation determines how a new pixel is combined with a pixel already in the WebGLFramebuffer.


void gl.blendEquation(mode);


A GLenum specifying how source and destination colors are combined. Must be either:
  • gl.FUNC_ADD: source + destination,
  • gl.FUNC_SUBTRACT: source - destination,
  • gl.FUNC_REVERSE_SUBTRACT: destination - source
  • When using the EXT_blend_minmax extension:
    • ext.MIN_EXT: Minimum of source and destination,
    • ext.MAX_EXT: Maximum of source and destination.
  • When using a WebGL 2 context, the following values are available additionally:
    • gl.MIN: Minimum of source and destination,
    • gl.MAX: Maximum of source and destination.

default valuegl.FUNC_ADD


If mode is not one of the three possible values, a gl.INVALID_ENUM error is thrown.

Return value



To set the blend equation, use:


To get the blend equations, query the BLEND_EQUATION, BLEND_EQUATION_RGB and BLEND_EQUATION_ALPHA constants which return gl.FUNC_ADD, gl.FUNC_SUBTRACT, gl.FUNC_REVERSE_SUBTRACT, or if the EXT_blend_minmax is enabled: ext.MIN_EXT or ext.MAX_EXT.

gl.getParameter(gl.BLEND_EQUATION_RGB) === gl.FUNC_ADD;
// true

gl.getParameter(gl.BLEND_EQUATION_ALPHA) === gl.FUNC_ADD; 
// true


Specification Status Comment
WebGL 1.0
The definition of 'blendEquation' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition for WebGL.
OpenGL ES 2.0
The definition of 'glBlendEquation' in that specification.
Standard Man page of the OpenGL ES 2.0 API.
OpenGL ES 3.0
The definition of 'glBlendEquation' in that specification.
Standard Man page of the OpenGL ES 3.0 API.

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
blendEquationChrome Full support 9Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 4IE Full support 11Opera Full support 12Safari Full support 5.1WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support 25Firefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support 12Safari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.5
WebGL2Chrome Full support 56Edge Full support 79Firefox Full support 51IE No support NoOpera Full support 43Safari No support NoWebView Android Full support 58Chrome Android Full support 58Firefox Android Full support 51Opera Android Full support 43Safari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android Full support 7.0


Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support

See also