The HTMLOptionElement interface represents <option> elements and inherits all classes and methods of the HTMLElement interface.


Inherits properties from its parent, HTMLElement.

Is a Boolean that contains the initial value of the selected HTML attribute, indicating whether the option is selected by default or not.
Is a Boolean representing the value of the disabled HTML attribute, which indicates that the option is unavailable to be selected. An option can also be disabled if it is a child of an <optgroup> element that is disabled.
HTMLOptionElement.form Read only
Is a HTMLFormElement representing the same value as the form of the corresponding <select> element, if the option is a descendant of a <select> element, or null if none is found.
HTMLOptionElement.index Read only
Is a long representing the position of the option within the list of options it belongs to, in tree-order. If the option is not part of a list of options, like when it is part of the <datalist> element, the value is 0.
HTMLOptionElement.label Read only
Is a DOMString that reflects the value of the label HTML attribute, which provides a label for the option. If this attribute isn't specifically set, reading it returns the element's text content.
Is a Boolean that indicates whether the option is currently selected.
Is a DOMString that contains the text content of the element.
Is a DOMString that reflects the value of the value HTML attribute, if it exists; otherwise reflects value of the Node.textContent property.


Inherits methods from its parent, HTMLElement.

Is a constructor creating an HTMLOptionElement object. It has four values: the text to display, text, the value associated, value, the value of defaultSelected, and the value of selected. The last three values are optional.


Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'HTMLOptionElement' in that specification.
Living Standard
The definition of 'HTMLOptionElement' in that specification.
Recommendation A constructor, Option(), has been added.
The form property can be the null value.
Document Object Model (DOM) Level 2 HTML Specification
The definition of 'HTMLOptionElement' in that specification.
Obsolete The selected property changed its meaning: it now indicates if the option is currently selected and no longer if it was initally selected.
The defaultSelected property is no longer read-only.
Document Object Model (DOM) Level 1 Specification
The definition of 'HTMLOptionElement' in that specification.
Obsolete Initial definition

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also

  • The HTML element implementing this interface: <option>.