backface-visibility

CSS backface-visibility 속성은 요소의 뒷면이 사용자를 향할 때 보여야 하는지 지정합니다.

요소의 뒷면은 앞면의 거울상입니다. 2D 상태에서는 볼 수 없지만 변형을 통해 3D 공간에서 회전되면 노출될 수 있습니다. (2D 변형에는 원근이 없으므로 효과가 없습니다.)

구문

/* 키워드 값 */
backface-visibility: visible;
backface-visibility: hidden;

/* 전역 값 */
backface-visibility: inherit;
backface-visibility: initial;
backface-visibility: unset;

backface-visibility 속성은 다음 목록의 키워드 중 하나를 선택해 지정할 수 있습니다.

visible
뒷면이 사용자를 향하면 보입니다.
hidden
뒷면이 사용자를 향해도 보이지 않습니다. 요소가 뒤를 향하면 사용자로부터 숨기는 것과 같습니다.

형식 정의

초기값visible
적용대상transformable elements
상속no
Computed valueas specified
Animation typediscrete

형식 구문

visible | hidden

예제

육면체의 뒷면 비교

아래 예제는 투명한 뒷면의 육면체와 불투명한 뒷면의 육면체를 하나씩 보입니다.

HTML

<table>
  <tr>
    <th><code>backface-visibility: visible;</code></th>
    <th><code>backface-visibility: hidden;</code></th>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>
      <div class="container">
        <div class="cube showbf">
          <div class="face front">1</div>
          <div class="face back">2</div>
          <div class="face right">3</div>
          <div class="face left">4</div>
          <div class="face top">5</div>
          <div class="face bottom">6</div>
        </div>
      </div>
      <p>
        Since all faces are partially transparent,
        the back faces (2, 4, 5) are visible
        through the front faces (1, 3, 6).
      </p>
    </td>
    <td>
      <div class="container">
        <div class="cube hidebf">
          <div class="face front">1</div>
          <div class="face back">2</div>
          <div class="face right">3</div>
          <div class="face left">4</div>
          <div class="face top">5</div>
          <div class="face bottom">6</div>
        </div>
      </div>
      <p>
        The three back faces (2, 4, 5) are
        hidden.
      </p>
    </td>
  </tr>
</table>

CSS

/* Classes that will show or hide the
   three back faces of the "cube" */
.showbf div {
  backface-visibility: visible;
}

.hidebf div {
  backface-visibility: hidden;
}

/* Define the container div, the cube div, and a generic face */
.container {
  width: 150px;
  height: 150px;
  margin: 75px 0 0 75px;
  border: none;
}

.cube {
  width: 100%;
  height: 100%;
  perspective: 550px;
  perspective-origin: 150% 150%;
  transform-style: preserve-3d;
}

.face {
  display: block;
  position: absolute;
  width: 100px;
  height: 100px;
  border: none;
  line-height: 100px;
  font-family: sans-serif;
  font-size: 60px;
  color: white;
  text-align: center;
}

/* Define each face based on direction */
.front {
  background: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.3);
  transform: translateZ(50px);
}

.back {
  background: rgba(0, 255, 0, 1);
  color: black;
  transform: rotateY(180deg) translateZ(50px);
}

.right {
  background: rgba(196, 0, 0, 0.7);
  transform: rotateY(90deg) translateZ(50px);
}

.left {
  background: rgba(0, 0, 196, 0.7);
  transform: rotateY(-90deg) translateZ(50px);
}

.top {
  background: rgba(196, 196, 0, 0.7);
  transform: rotateX(90deg) translateZ(50px);
}

.bottom {
  background: rgba(196, 0, 196, 0.7);
  transform: rotateX(-90deg) translateZ(50px);
}

/* Make the table a little nicer */
th, p, td {
  background-color: #EEEEEE;
  margin: 0px;
  padding: 6px;
  font-family: sans-serif;
  text-align: left;
}

결과

명세

Specification Status Comment
CSS Transforms Level 2
The definition of 'backface-visibility' in that specification.
Editor's Draft Initial definition.

브라우저 호환성

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
backface-visibilityChrome Full support 36
Full support 36
Full support 12
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Edge Full support 12
Full support 12
Full support 12
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Firefox Full support 16
Full support 16
Full support 10
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -moz-
Full support 49
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Full support 45
Prefixed Disabled
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Disabled From version 45: this feature is behind the layout.css.prefixes.webkit preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE Full support 10Opera Full support 23
Full support 23
Full support 15
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Safari Full support 5.1
Prefixed
Full support 5.1
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
WebView Android Full support 37
Full support 37
Full support 3
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Chrome Android Full support 36
Full support 36
Full support 18
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Firefox Android Full support 16
Full support 16
Full support 10
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -moz-
Full support 49
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Full support 44
Prefixed Disabled
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Disabled From version 44: this feature is behind the layout.css.prefixes.webkit preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android Full support 24
Full support 24
Full support 14
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Safari iOS Full support 5
Prefixed
Full support 5
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Samsung Internet Android Full support 3.0
Full support 3.0
Full support 1.0
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-

Legend

Full support  
Full support
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.

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