Elementos block-level

HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) elements are usually either "block-level" elements or "inline" elements. A block-level element occupies the entire space of its parent element (container), thereby creating a "block." This article helps to explain what this means.

Browsers typically display the block-level element with a newline both before and after the element. The following example demonstrates the block-level element's influence:

Elementos Block-level


<p>Este parágrafo é um elemento block-level; its background has been colored to display the paragraph's parent element.</p>


p { background-color: #8ABB55; }


  • Elementos Block-level podem aparecer apenas dentro do elemento <body> 

Block-level vs. inline

There are a couple of key differences between block-level elements and inline elements:

By default, block-level elements begin on new lines, but inline elements can start anywhere in a line.
Content model
Generally, block-level elements may contain inline elements and other block-level elements. Inherent in this structural distinction is the idea that block elements create "larger" structures than inline elements.

The distinction of block-level vs. inline elements is used in HTML specifications up  to 4.01. In HTML5, this binary distinction is replaced with a more complex set of content categories. The "block-level" category roughly corresponds to the category of flow content in HTML5, while "inline" corresponds to phrasing content, but there are additional categories.


The following is a complete list of all HTML block level elements (although "block-level" is not technically defined for elements that are new in HTML5).

Contact information.
<article> HTML5
Article content.
<aside> HTML5
Aside content.
Long ("block") quotation.
Definition description.
Document division.
Definition list.
Field set label.
<figcaption> HTML5
Figure caption.
<figure> HTML5
Groups media content with a caption (see <figcaption>).
<footer> HTML5
Section or page footer.
Input form.
<h1>, <h2>, <h3>, <h4>, <h5>, <h6>
Heading levels 1-6.
<header> HTML5
Section or page header.
<hgroup> HTML5
Groups header information.
Horizontal rule (dividing line).
List item.
Contains the central content unique to this document.
Contains navigation links.
Ordered list.
Preformatted text.
<section> HTML5
Section of a web page.
Table footer.
Unordered list.
<video> HTML5
Video player.

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