return

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The return statement ends function execution and specifies a value to be returned to the function caller.

Sintaxe

return [[expression]]; 
expression
The expression whose value is to be returned. If omitted, undefined is returned instead.

Descrição

When a return statement is used in a function body, the execution of the function is stopped. If specified, a given value is returned to the function caller. For example, the following function returns the square of its argument, x, where x is a number.

function square(x) {
   return x * x;
}
var demo = square(3);
// demo will equal 9

If the value is omitted, undefined is returned instead.

The following return statements all break the function execution:

return;
return true;
return false;
return x;
return x + y / 3;

Inserção Automática de Ponto e Vírgula

The return statement is affected by automatic semicolon insertion (ASI). No line terminator is allowed between the return keyword and the expression.

return
a + b;

is transformed by ASI into:

return; 
a + b;

The console will warn "unreachable code after return statement".

Starting with Gecko 40 (Firefox 40 / Thunderbird 40 / SeaMonkey 2.37), a warning is shown in the console if unreachable code is found after a return statement.

Exemplos

Interromper uma função

A function immediately stops at the point where return is called.

function counter() {
  for (var count = 1; ; count++) {  // infinite loop
    console.log(count + 'A'); // until 5
      if (count === 5) {          
        return;
      }
      console.log(count + 'B');  // until 4
    }
  console.log(count + 'C');  // never appears
}

counter();

// Output:
// 1A
// 1B
// 2A
// 2B
// 3A
// 3B
// 4A
// 4B
// 5A

Devolver uma função

See also the article about Closures.

function magic(x) {
  return function calc(x) { return x * 42; };
}

var answer = magic();
answer(1337); // 56154

Especificações

Especificação Estado Comentário
ECMAScript 1st Edition (ECMA-262) Standard Initial definition.
ECMAScript 5.1 (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Return statement' in that specification.
Standard  
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Return statement' in that specification.
Standard  
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Return statement' in that specification.
Draft  

Compatibilidade de navegador

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobileServer
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung InternetNode.js
returnChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 3Opera Full support 3Safari Full support 1WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support 10.1Safari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0nodejs Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support

Consulte também