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The scaleY() CSS function defines a transformation that resizes an element along the y-axis (vertically). Its result is a <transform-function> data type.

It modifies the ordinate of each element point by a constant factor, except when the scale factor is 1, in which case the function is the identity transform. The scaling is not isotropic, and the angles of the element are not conserved. scaleY(-1) defines an axial symmetry, with a horizontal axis passing through the origin (as specified by the transform-origin property).

Note: scaleY(sy) is equivalent to scale(1, sy) or scale3d(1, sy, 1).

transform: rotateX(180deg);  === transform: scaleY(-1);

Syntax

scaleY(s)

Values

s
Is a <number> representing the scaling factor to apply on the ordinate of each point of the element.
Cartesian coordinates on ℝ2 Homogeneous coordinates on ℝℙ2 Cartesian coordinates on ℝ3 Homogeneous coordinates on ℝℙ3
10 0s 1000s0001 1000s0001 10000s0000100001
[1 0 0 s 0 0]

Examples

HTML

<div>Normal</div>
<div class="scaled">Scaled</div>

CSS

div {
  width: 80px;
  height: 80px;
  background-color: skyblue;
}

.scaled {
  transform: scaleY(0.6);
  background-color: pink;
}

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Transforms Level 1
The definition of 'scaleY()' in that specification.
Working Draft Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Please see the <transform-function> data type for compatibility info.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: estelle,