Document.getElementsByClassName()

The getElementsByClassName method of Document interface returns an array-like object of all child elements which have all of the given class name(s). When called on the document object, the complete document is searched, including the root node. You may also call getElementsByClassName() on any element; it will return only elements which are descendants of the specified root element with the given class name(s).

Syntax

var elements = document.getElementsByClassName(names); // or:
var elements = rootElement.getElementsByClassName(names);
  • elements is a live HTMLCollection of found elements.
  • names is a string representing the class name(s) to match; multiple class names are separated by whitespace
  • getElementsByClassName can be called on any element, not only on the document. The element on which it is called will be used as the root of the search.

Examples

Get all elements that have a class of 'test':

document.getElementsByClassName('test')

Get all elements that have both the 'red' and 'test' classes:

document.getElementsByClassName('red test')

Get all elements that have a class of 'test', inside of an element that has the ID of 'main':

document.getElementById('main').getElementsByClassName('test')

Get the first element with a class of 'test', or undefined if there is no matching element:

document.getElementsByClassName('test')[0]

We can also use methods of Array.prototype on any HTMLCollection by passing the HTMLCollection as the method's this value. Here we'll find all div elements that have a class of 'test':

var testElements = document.getElementsByClassName('test');
var testDivs = Array.prototype.filter.call(testElements, function(testElement){
  return testElement.nodeName === 'DIV';
});

Get the first element whose class is 'test'

This is the most commonly used method of operation.

<html>
<body>
    <div id="parent-id">
        <p>hello world 1</p>
        <p class="test">hello world 2</p>
        <p>hello world 3</p>
        <p>hello world 4</p>
    </div>

    <script>
        var parentDOM = document.getElementById("parent-id");
        
        var test = parentDOM.getElementsByClassName("test"); // a list of matching elements, *not* the element itself
        console.log(test); //HTMLCollection[1]

        var testTarget = parentDOM.getElementsByClassName("test")[0]; // the first element, as we wanted
        console.log(testTarget); //<p class="test">hello world 2</p>
    </script>
</body>
</html>

Multiple Classes Example

document.getElementsByClassName works very similarly to document.querySelector and document.querySelectorAll. Only elements with ALL of the classNames specified are selected.

HTML

<span class="orange fruit">Orange Fruit</span>
<span class="orange juice">Orange Juice</span>
<span class="apple juice">Apple Juice</span>
<span class="foo bar">Something Random</span>
<textarea id="resultArea" style="width:98%;height:7em"></textarea>

JavaScript

// getElementsByClassName only selects elements that have both given classes 
var allOrangeJuiceByClass = document.getElementsByClassName('orange juice');
var result = "document.getElementsByClassName('orange juice')";
for (var i=0, len=allOrangeJuiceByClass.length|0; i<len; i=i+1|0) {
    result += "\n  " + allOrangeJuiceByClass[i].textContent;
}


// querySelector only selects full complete matches
var allOrangeJuiceQuery = document.querySelectorAll('.orange.juice');
result += "\n\ndocument.querySelectorAll('.orange.juice')";
for (var i=0, len=allOrangeJuiceQuery.length|0; i<len; i=i+1|0) {
    result += "\n  " + allOrangeJuiceQuery[i].textContent;
}

document.getElementById("resultArea").value = result;

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
DOM
The definition of 'document.getElementsByClassName' in that specification.
Living Standard

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
getElementsByClassNameChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 4IE Full support 9Opera Full support 9.5Safari Full support 3.1WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support 10.1Safari iOS Full support 2Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0

Legend

Full support  
Full support