Math.pow()

The Math.pow() function returns the base to the exponent power, that is, baseexponent.

Syntax

Math.pow(base, exponent)

Parameters

base
The base number.
exponent
The exponent used to raise the base.

Return value

A number representing the given base taken to the power of the given exponent.

Description

The Math.pow() function returns the base to the exponent power, that is, baseexponent, the base and the exponent are in decimal numeral system.

Because pow() is a static method of Math, you always use it as Math.pow(), rather than as a method of a Math object you created (Math has no constructor). If the base is negative and the exponent is not an integer, the result is NaN.

Examples

Using Math.pow()

// simple
Math.pow(7, 2);    // 49
Math.pow(7, 3);    // 343
Math.pow(2, 10);   // 1024
// fractional exponents
Math.pow(4, 0.5);  // 2 (square root of 4)
Math.pow(8, 1/3);  // 2 (cube root of 8)
Math.pow(2, 0.5);  // 1.4142135623730951 (square root of 2)
Math.pow(2, 1/3);  // 1.2599210498948732 (cube root of 2)
// signed exponents
Math.pow(7, -2);   // 0.02040816326530612 (1/49)
Math.pow(8, -1/3); // 0.5
// signed bases
Math.pow(-7, 2);   // 49 (squares are positive)
Math.pow(-7, 3);   // -343 (cubes can be negative)
Math.pow(-7, 0.5); // NaN (negative numbers don't have a real square root)
// due to "even" and "odd" roots laying close to each other, 
// and limits in the floating number precision, 
// negative bases with fractional exponents always return NaN
Math.pow(-7, 1/3); // NaN 

Specifications

Specification
ECMAScript (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Math.pow' in that specification.

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobileServer
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung InternetNode.js
powChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 3Opera Full support 3Safari Full support 1WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support 10.1Safari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0nodejs Full support 0.1.100

Legend

Full support  
Full support

See also