XMLHttpRequest: error 事件

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当请求遇到错误时,将触发error 事件。

可冒泡 No
可取消 No
接口 ProgressEvent
事件处理程序属性 onerror

示例

在线示例

HTML

<div class="controls">
    <input class="xhr success" type="button" name="xhr" value="Click to start XHR (success)" />
    <input class="xhr error" type="button" name="xhr" value="Click to start XHR (error)" />
    <input class="xhr abort" type="button" name="xhr" value="Click to start XHR (abort)" />
</div>

<textarea readonly class="event-log"></textarea>

JS

const xhrButtonSuccess = document.querySelector('.xhr.success');
const xhrButtonError = document.querySelector('.xhr.error');
const xhrButtonAbort = document.querySelector('.xhr.abort');
const log = document.querySelector('.event-log');

function handleEvent(e) {
    log.textContent = log.textContent + `${e.type}: ${e.loaded} bytes transferred\n`;
}

function addListeners(xhr) {
    xhr.addEventListener('loadstart', handleEvent);
    xhr.addEventListener('load', handleEvent);
    xhr.addEventListener('loadend', handleEvent);
    xhr.addEventListener('progress', handleEvent);
    xhr.addEventListener('error', handleEvent);
    xhr.addEventListener('abort', handleEvent);
}

function runXHR(url) {
    log.textContent = '';

    const xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
    addListeners(xhr);
    xhr.open("GET", url);
    xhr.send();
    return xhr;  
}

xhrButtonSuccess.addEventListener('click', () => {
    runXHR('https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/16553/DgsZYJNXcAIPwzy.jpg');
});

xhrButtonError.addEventListener('click', () => {
    runXHR('https://somewhere.org/i-dont-exist');
});

xhrButtonAbort.addEventListener('click', () => {
    runXHR('https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/16553/DgsZYJNXcAIPwzy.jpg').abort();
});

结果

规范

Specification Status Comment
XMLHttpRequest Living Standard  

浏览器兼容性

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
error eventChrome Full support YesEdge Full support ≤79Firefox Full support YesIE ? Opera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown

其他