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slice() 方法會回傳一個新陣列物件,為原陣列選擇之 beginend(不含 end)部分的淺拷貝(shallow copy)。而原本的陣列將不會被修改。


arr.slice([begin[, end]])


begin 選擇性
自哪一個索引(起始為 0)開始提取拷貝。
可使用負數索引,表示由陣列的最末項開始提取。slice(-2) 代表拷貝陣列中的最後兩個元素。
假如 begin 為 undefined,則 slice 會從索引 0 開始提取。
end 選擇性
至哪一個索引(起始為 0)之前停止提取。slice 提取但不包含至索引 end
舉例來說,slice(1,4) 提取了陣列中第二個元素至第四個元素前為止(元素索引 1、2 以及 3)來拷貝。
可使用負數索引,表示由陣列的最末項開始提取。slice(2,-1) 代表拷貝陣列中第三個元素至倒數第二個元素。
若省略了 end,則 slice 會提取至陣列的最後一個元素(arr.length)。
假如 end 大於陣列的長度,slice 會提取至陣列的最後一個元素(arr.length)。




slice 不會修改原本的陣列,而是回傳由原本的陣列淺層複製的元素。原始陣列的元素會按照下列規則拷貝:

  • 如果該元素是個對象引用(不是實際的對象),slice 會拷貝這個對象引用到新的陣列內。兩個對象引用都引用了同一個對象。如果被引用的對象發生改變,則新的和原來的陣列中的這個元素也會發生改變。
  • 對於字串、數字、布林來說 (不是 StringNumber 或者 Boolean 對象), slice 會拷貝這些值到新的陣列內。在別的陣列內修改這些字串、數字或是布林,將不會影響另一個陣列。



Return a portion of an existing array

var fruits = ['Banana', 'Orange', 'Lemon', 'Apple', 'Mango'];
var citrus = fruits.slice(1, 3);

// fruits contains ['Banana', 'Orange', 'Lemon', 'Apple', 'Mango']
// citrus contains ['Orange','Lemon']

Using slice

In the following example, slice creates a new array, newCar, from myCar. Both include a reference to the object myHonda. When the color of myHonda is changed to purple, both arrays reflect the change.

// Using slice, create newCar from myCar.
var myHonda = { color: 'red', wheels: 4, engine: { cylinders: 4, size: 2.2 } };
var myCar = [myHonda, 2, 'cherry condition', 'purchased 1997'];
var newCar = myCar.slice(0, 2);

// Display the values of myCar, newCar, and the color of myHonda
//  referenced from both arrays.
console.log('myCar = ' + JSON.stringify(myCar));
console.log('newCar = ' + JSON.stringify(newCar));
console.log('myCar[0].color = ' + myCar[0].color);
console.log('newCar[0].color = ' + newCar[0].color);

// Change the color of myHonda.
myHonda.color = 'purple';
console.log('The new color of my Honda is ' + myHonda.color);

// Display the color of myHonda referenced from both arrays.
console.log('myCar[0].color = ' + myCar[0].color);
console.log('newCar[0].color = ' + newCar[0].color);

This script writes:

myCar = [{color: 'red', wheels: 4, engine: {cylinders: 4, size: 2.2}}, 2,
         'cherry condition', 'purchased 1997']
newCar = [{color: 'red', wheels: 4, engine: {cylinders: 4, size: 2.2}}, 2]
myCar[0].color = red 
newCar[0].color = red
The new color of my Honda is purple
myCar[0].color = purple
newCar[0].color = purple


slice method can also be called to convert Array-like objects / collections to a new Array. You just bind the method to the object. The arguments inside a function is an example of an 'array-like object'.

function list() {

var list1 = list(1, 2, 3); // [1, 2, 3]

Binding can be done with the .call function of Function.prototype and it can also be reduced using [] instead of Anyway, it can be simplified using bind.

var unboundSlice = Array.prototype.slice;
var slice =;

function list() {
  return slice(arguments);

var list1 = list(1, 2, 3); // [1, 2, 3]

Streamlining cross-browser behavior

Although host objects (such as DOM objects) are not required by spec to follow the Mozilla behavior when converted by Array.prototype.slice and IE < 9 does not do so, versions of IE starting with version 9 do allow this. “Shimming” it can allow reliable cross-browser behavior. As long as other modern browsers continue to support this ability, as currently do IE, Mozilla, Chrome, Safari, and Opera, developers reading (DOM-supporting) slice code relying on this shim will not be misled by the semantics; they can safely rely on the semantics to provide the now apparently de facto standard behavior. (The shim also fixes IE to work with the second argument of slice() being an explicit null/undefined value as earlier versions of IE also did not allow but all modern browsers, including IE >= 9, now do.)

 * Shim for "fixing" IE's lack of support (IE < 9) for applying slice
 * on host objects like NamedNodeMap, NodeList, and HTMLCollection
 * (technically, since host objects have been implementation-dependent,
 * at least before ES2015, IE hasn't needed to work this way).
 * Also works on strings, fixes IE < 9 to allow an explicit undefined
 * for the 2nd argument (as in Firefox), and prevents errors when
 * called on other DOM objects.
(function () {
  'use strict';
  var _slice = Array.prototype.slice;

  try {
    // Can't be used with DOM elements in IE < 9;
  } catch (e) { // Fails in IE < 9
    // This will work for genuine arrays, array-like objects, 
    // NamedNodeMap (attributes, entities, notations),
    // NodeList (e.g., getElementsByTagName), HTMLCollection (e.g., childNodes),
    // and will not fail on other DOM objects (as do DOM elements in IE < 9)
    Array.prototype.slice = function(begin, end) {
      // IE < 9 gets unhappy with an undefined end argument
      end = (typeof end !== 'undefined') ? end : this.length;

      // For native Array objects, we use the native slice function
      if ( === '[object Array]'){
        return, begin, end); 

      // For array like object we handle it ourselves.
      var i, cloned = [],
        size, len = this.length;

      // Handle negative value for "begin"
      var start = begin || 0;
      start = (start >= 0) ? start : Math.max(0, len + start);

      // Handle negative value for "end"
      var upTo = (typeof end == 'number') ? Math.min(end, len) : len;
      if (end < 0) {
        upTo = len + end;

      // Actual expected size of the slice
      size = upTo - start;

      if (size > 0) {
        cloned = new Array(size);
        if (this.charAt) {
          for (i = 0; i < size; i++) {
            cloned[i] = this.charAt(start + i);
        } else {
          for (i = 0; i < size; i++) {
            cloned[i] = this[start + i];

      return cloned;


Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 3rd Edition (ECMA-262) Standard Initial definition. Implemented in JavaScript 1.2.
ECMAScript 5.1 (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Array.prototype.slice' in that specification.
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Array.prototype.slice' in that specification.
ECMAScript (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Array.prototype.slice' in that specification.
Living Standard


Update compatibility data on GitHub
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung InternetNode.js
sliceChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 4Opera Full support 4Safari Full support 1WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support 10.1Safari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0nodejs Full support 0.1.100


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