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The auxclick event is fired at an Element when a non-primary pointing device button (any mouse button other than the primary—usually leftmost—button) has been pressed and released both within the same element.

auxclick is fired after the mousedown and mouseup events have been fired, in that order.

Bubbles Yes
Cancelable Yes
Interface MouseEvent
Event handler property onauxclick

Preventing default actions

For the vast majority of browsers that map middle click to opening a link in a new tab, including Firefox, it is possible to cancel this behavior by calling preventDefault() from within an auxclick event handler.

When listening for auxclick events originating on elements that do not support input or navigation, you will often want to explicitly prevent other default actions mapped to the down action of the middle mouse button. On Windows this is usually autoscroll, and on macOS and Linux this is usually clipboard paste. This can be done by preventing the default behaviour of the mousedown or pointerdown event.

Additionally, you may need to avoid opening a system context menu after a right click. Due to timing differences between operating systems, this too is not a preventable default behavior of auxclick. Instead, this can be done by preventing the default behavior of the contextmenu event.

Examples

In this example we define functions for two event handlers — onclick and onauxclick. The former changes the color of the button background, while the latter changes the button foreground (text) color. You also can see the two functions in action by trying the demo out with a multi-button mouse (see it live on GitHub; also see the source code).

JavaScript

let button = document.querySelector('button');
let html = document.querySelector('html');

function random(number) {
  return Math.floor(Math.random() * number);
}

function randomColor() {
    return `rgb(${random(255)}, ${random(255)}, ${random(255)})`;
}

button.onclick = function() {
  button.style.backgroundColor = randomColor();
};

button.onauxclick = function(e) {
  e.preventDefault();
  button.style.color = randomColor();
}

button.oncontextmenu = function(e) {
  e.preventDefault();
}

Notice that in addition to capturing the auxclick event using onauxclick, the contextmenu event is also captured, and preventDefault() called on that event, in order to prevent the context menu from popping up after the color change is applied.

HTML

<button><h1>Click me!</h1></button>

Note: If you are using a three-button mouse, you'll notice that the onauxclick handler is run when any of the non-left mouse buttons are clicked (usually including any "special" buttons on gaming mice).

Specification

Specification Status
UI Events
The definition of 'auxclick' in that specification.
Working Draft

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
auxclick eventChrome Full support 55Edge ? Firefox Full support 53
Notes
Full support 53
Notes
Notes Starting in Firefox 68, the auxclick event is used to trigger the new tab on middle-click action; previously, this had been done with the click event. Apps can prevent middle-click from opening new tabs (or middle-click to paste, if that feature is enabled) by intercepting auxclick on links, and auxclick event handlers can now open popups without triggering the popup blocker.
IE No support NoOpera Full support 42Safari No support NoWebView Android Full support 55Chrome Android Full support 55Firefox Android Full support 53Opera Android Full support 42Safari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.

See also

Étiquettes et contributeurs liés au document

Dernière mise à jour par : irenesmith,