performance.now()

The performance.now() method returns a DOMHighResTimeStamp, measured in milliseconds.

Note: This feature is available in Web Workers.

The returned value represents the time elapsed since the time origin.

Bear in mind the following points:

  • In dedicated workers created from a Window context, the value in the worker will be lower than performance.now() in the window who spawned that worker. It used to be the same as t0 of the main context, but this was changed.
  • In shared or service workers, the value in the worker might be higher than that of the main context because that window can be created after those workers.

It's important to keep in mind that to mitigate potential security threats such as Spectre, browsers typically round the returned value by some amount in order to be less predictable. This inherently introduces a degree of inaccuracy by limiting the resolution or precision of the timer. For example, Firefox rounds the returned time to 1 millisecond increments.

The precision of the returned value is subject to change if/when the security concerns are alleviated through other means.

Syntax

t = performance.now();

Example

const t0 = performance.now();
doSomething();
const t1 = performance.now();
console.log(`Call to doSomething took ${t1 - t0} milliseconds.`);

Unlike other timing data available to JavaScript (for example Date.now), the timestamps returned by performance.now() are not limited to one-millisecond resolution. Instead, they represent times as floating-point numbers with up to microsecond precision.

Also unlike Date.now(), the values returned by performance.now() always increase at a constant rate, independent of the system clock (which might be adjusted manually or skewed by software like NTP). Otherwise, performance.timing.navigationStart + performance.now() will be approximately equal to Date.now().

Reduced time precision

To offer protection against timing attacks and fingerprinting, the precision of performance.now() might get rounded depending on browser settings.
In Firefox, the privacy.reduceTimerPrecision preference is enabled by default and defaults to 1ms.

// reduced time precision (1ms) in Firefox 60
performance.now();
// 8781416
// 8781815
// 8782206
// ...


// reduced time precision with `privacy.resistFingerprinting` enabled
performance.now();
// 8865400
// 8866200
// 8866700
// ...

In Firefox, you can also enable privacy.resistFingerprinting — this changes the precision to 100ms or the value of privacy.resistFingerprinting.reduceTimerPrecision.microseconds, whichever is larger.

Starting with Firefox 79, high resolution timers can be used if you cross-origin isolate your document using the Cross-Origin-Opener-Policy and Cross-Origin-Embedder-Policy headers:

Cross-Origin-Opener-Policy: same-origin
Cross-Origin-Embedder-Policy: require-corp

These headers ensure a top-level document does not share a browsing context group with cross-origin documents. COOP process-isolates your document and potential attackers can't access to your global object if they were opening it in a popup, preventing a set of cross-origin attacks dubbed XS-Leaks.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
High Resolution Time Level 2
The definition of 'performance.now()' in that specification.
Recommendation Stricter definitions of interfaces and types.
High Resolution Time
The definition of 'performance.now()' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
nowChrome Full support 24
Full support 24
No support 21 — 24
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 15
Notes
Full support 15
Notes
Notes In Firefox 57.0.4 the accuracy was reduced to 20 microseconds.
Notes In Firefox 59 the accuracy was reduced to 2 milliseconds.
Notes In Firefox 60 the accuracy was increased to 1 millisecond.
IE Full support 10Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 8WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support 25Firefox Android Full support 15
Notes
Full support 15
Notes
Notes In Firefox 57.0.4 the accuracy was reduced to 20 microseconds.
Notes In Firefox 59 the accuracy was reduced to 2 milliseconds.
Notes In Firefox 60 the accuracy was increased to 1 millisecond.
Opera Android Full support 14Safari iOS Full support 9Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.5

Legend

Full support  
Full support
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.

See also