The IDBOpenDBRequest interface of the IndexedDB API provides access to the results of requests to open or delete databases (performed using IDBFactory.open and IDBFactory.deleteDatabase), using specific event handler attributes.

Note: This feature is available in Web Workers.

Properties

Also inherits methods from its parents IDBRequest and EventTarget.

Events

IDBOpenDBRequest.onblocked
The event handler for the blocked event. This event is triggered when the upgradeneeded event should be triggered because of a version change but the database is still in use (i.e. not closed) somewhere, even after the versionchange event was sent.
IDBOpenDBRequest.onupgradeneeded
The event handler for the upgradeneeded event, fired when a database of a bigger version number than the existing stored database is loaded.

Methods

No methods, but inherits methods from its parents IDBRequest and EventTarget.

Example

In the following example you can see the onupgradeneeded handler being used to update the database structure if a database with a higher version number is loaded. For a full working example, see our To-do Notifications app (view example live.)

var db;

// Let us open our database
var DBOpenRequest = window.indexedDB.open("toDoList", 4);

// these event handlers act on the database being opened.
DBOpenRequest.onerror = function(event) {
  note.innerHTML += '<li>Error loading database.</li>';
};

DBOpenRequest.onsuccess = function(event) {
  note.innerHTML += '<li>Database initialised.</li>';
 
  // store the result of opening the database in the db
  // variable. This is used a lot below
  db = DBOpenRequest.result;
 
  // Run the displayData() function to populate the task
  // listwith all the to-do list data already in the IDB
  displayData();
};

// This event handles the event whereby a new version of
// the database needs to be created Either one has not
// been created before, or a new version number has been
// submitted via the window.indexedDB.open line above
// it is only implemented in recent browsers
DBOpenRequest.onupgradeneeded = function(event) {
  var db = this.result;
 
  db.onerror = function(event) {
    note.innerHTML += '<li>Error loading database.</li>';
  };

  // Create an objectStore for this database   
  var objectStore = db.createObjectStore("toDoList", { keyPath: "taskTitle" });

  // define what data items the objectStore will contain
    
  objectStore.createIndex("hours", "hours", { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex("minutes", "minutes", { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex("day", "day", { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex("month", "month", { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex("year", "year", { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex("notified", "notified", { unique: false });
};

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Indexed Database API
The definition of 'IDBOpenDBRequest' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition
Indexed Database API 2.0
The definition of 'IDBOpenDBRequest' in that specification.
Recommendation  

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support 24
Full support 24
No support 23 — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
Edge Full support YesFirefox Full support 16
Full support 16
No support 10 — 16
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: moz
IE Full support 10
Notes
Full support 10
Notes
Notes partial
Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support Yes
Full support Yes
No support ? — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
Chrome Android Full support 25
Full support 25
No support 25 — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 22Opera Android Full support 22Safari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
Full support Yes
No support ? — 7.0
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
Available in workersChrome Full support YesEdge ? Firefox Full support 37IE ? Opera Full support YesSafari ? WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 37Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
onblockedChrome Full support 24
Full support 24
No support 23 — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 16
Full support 16
No support 10 — 16
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: moz
IE Full support 10
Notes
Full support 10
Notes
Notes partial
Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support Yes
Full support Yes
No support ? — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
Chrome Android Full support 25
Full support 25
No support 25 — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 22Opera Android Full support 22Safari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
Full support Yes
No support ? — 7.0
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
onupgradeneededChrome Full support 24
Full support 24
No support 23 — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 16
Full support 16
No support 10 — 16
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: moz
IE Full support 10
Notes
Full support 10
Notes
Notes partial
Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support Yes
Full support Yes
No support ? — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
Chrome Android Full support 25
Full support 25
No support 25 — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 22Opera Android Full support 22Safari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
Full support Yes
No support ? — 7.0
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: fscholz,