This is an experimental technology
Check the Browser compatibility table carefully before using this in production.

The VRPose interface of the WebVR API represents the state of a VR sensor at a given timestamp (which includes orientation, position, velocity, and acceleration information.)

This interface is accessible through the VRDisplay.getPose() and VRDisplay.getFrameData() methods. VRDisplay.getPose() is deprecated.

Properties

VRPose.position Read only
Returns the position of the VRDisplay at the current VRPose.timestamp as a 3D vector
VRPose.linearVelocity Read only
Returns the linear velocity of the VRDisplay at the current VRPose.timestamp, in meters per second.
VRPose.linearAcceleration Read only
Returns the linear acceleration of the VRDisplay at the current VRPose.timestamp, in meters per second per second.
VRPose.orientation Read only
Returns the orientation of the sensor at the current VRPose.timestamp, as a quarternion value.
VRPose.angularVelocity Read only
Returns the angular velocity of the VRDisplay at the current VRPose.timestamp, in radians per second.
VRPose.angularAcceleration Read only
Returns the angular acceleration of the VRDisplay at the current VRPose.timestamp, in meters per second per second.

Obsolete properties

VRPose.timeStamp Read only
Returns the current time stamp of the system — a monotonically increasing value useful for determining if position data has been updated, and what order updates have occured in. This version of timestamp has been removed from the spec — instead, timestamps are now returned when VRDisplay.getFrameData() is called — see VRFrameData.timestamp.

Examples

var frameData = new VRFrameData();
var vrDisplay;

navigator.getVRDisplays().then(function(displays) {
  vrDisplay = displays[0];
  console.log('Display found');
  // Starting the presentation when the button is clicked: It can only be called in response to a user gesture
  btn.addEventListener('click', function() {
    vrDisplay.requestPresent([{ source: canvas }]).then(function() {        
      drawVRScene();
    });
  });
});

// WebVR: Draw the scene for the WebVR display.
function drawVRScene() {
  // WebVR: Request the next frame of the animation
  vrSceneFrame = vrDisplay.requestAnimationFrame(drawVRScene);

  // Populate frameData with the data of the next frame to display
  vrDisplay.getFrameData(frameData);

  // You can get the position, orientation, etc. of the display from the current frame's pose
  // curFramePose is a VRPose object
  var curFramePose = frameData.pose;
  var curPos = curFramePose.position;
  var curOrient = curFramePose.orientation;

  // Clear the canvas before we start drawing on it.

  gl.clear(gl.COLOR_BUFFER_BIT | gl.DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT);

  // WebVR: Create the required projection and view matrix locations needed
  // for passing into the uniformMatrix4fv methods below

  var projectionMatrixLocation = gl.getUniformLocation(shaderProgram, "projMatrix");
  var viewMatrixLocation = gl.getUniformLocation(shaderProgram, "viewMatrix");

  // WebVR: Render the left eye’s view to the left half of the canvas
  gl.viewport(0, 0, canvas.width * 0.5, canvas.height);
  gl.uniformMatrix4fv(projectionMatrixLocation, false, frameData.leftProjectionMatrix);
  gl.uniformMatrix4fv(viewMatrixLocation, false, frameData.leftViewMatrix);
  drawGeometry();

  // WebVR: Render the right eye’s view to the right half of the canvas
  gl.viewport(canvas.width * 0.5, 0, canvas.width * 0.5, canvas.height);
  gl.uniformMatrix4fv(projectionMatrixLocation, false, frameData.rightProjectionMatrix);
  gl.uniformMatrix4fv(viewMatrixLocation, false, frameData.rightViewMatrix);
  drawGeometry();

  function drawGeometry() {
    // draw the view for each eye 
  }

    ...

  // WebVR: Indicate that we are ready to present the rendered frame to the VR display
  vrDisplay.submitFrame();
}

Note: You can see this complete code at raw-webgl-example.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
WebVR 1.1
The definition of 'VRPose' in that specification.
Draft Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
Basic support
Experimental
Chrome No support NoEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support 55
Notes
Full support 55
Notes
Notes Windows support was enabled in Firefox 55.
Full support 64
Notes
Notes macOS support was enabled in Firefox 64.
IE No support NoOpera ? Safari ? WebView Android No support NoChrome Android Full support 56
Notes Disabled
Full support 56
Notes Disabled
Notes Only works in an experimental version of Chrome. (Other builds won't return any devices when Navigator.getVRDisplays() is invoked.)
Notes Daydream View supported in Chrome 56.
Notes Google Cardboard supported in Chrome 57.
Disabled From version 56: this feature is behind the WebVR preference. To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Edge Mobile ? Firefox Android Full support 55Opera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android Full support 6.0
angularAcceleration
Experimental
Chrome No support NoEdge Full support 15Firefox Full support 55
Notes
Full support 55
Notes
Notes Windows support was enabled in Firefox 55.
Full support 64
Notes
Notes macOS support was enabled in Firefox 64.
IE No support NoOpera ? Safari ? WebView Android No support NoChrome Android Full support 56
Notes Disabled
Full support 56
Notes Disabled
Notes Only works in an experimental version of Chrome. (Other builds won't return any devices when Navigator.getVRDisplays() is invoked.)
Notes Daydream View supported in Chrome 56.
Notes Google Cardboard supported in Chrome 57.
Disabled From version 56: this feature is behind the WebVR preference. To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Edge Mobile ? Firefox Android Full support 55Opera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android Full support 6.0
angularVelocity
Experimental
Chrome No support NoEdge Full support 15Firefox Full support 55
Notes
Full support 55
Notes
Notes Windows support was enabled in Firefox 55.
Full support 64
Notes
Notes macOS support was enabled in Firefox 64.
IE No support NoOpera ? Safari ? WebView Android No support NoChrome Android Full support 56
Notes Disabled
Full support 56
Notes Disabled
Notes Only works in an experimental version of Chrome. (Other builds won't return any devices when Navigator.getVRDisplays() is invoked.)
Notes Daydream View supported in Chrome 56.
Notes Google Cardboard supported in Chrome 57.
Disabled From version 56: this feature is behind the WebVR preference. To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Edge Mobile ? Firefox Android Full support 55Opera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android Full support 6.0
hasOrientation
ExperimentalDeprecatedNon-standard
Chrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox No support NoIE No support NoOpera ? Safari ? WebView Android No support NoChrome Android No support NoEdge Mobile No support NoFirefox Android ? Opera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android No support No
hasPosition
ExperimentalDeprecatedNon-standard
Chrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox No support NoIE No support NoOpera ? Safari ? WebView Android No support NoChrome Android No support NoEdge Mobile No support NoFirefox Android ? Opera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android No support No
linearAcceleration
Experimental
Chrome No support NoEdge Full support 15Firefox Full support 55
Notes
Full support 55
Notes
Notes Windows support was enabled in Firefox 55.
Full support 64
Notes
Notes macOS support was enabled in Firefox 64.
IE No support NoOpera ? Safari ? WebView Android No support NoChrome Android Full support 56
Notes Disabled
Full support 56
Notes Disabled
Notes Only works in an experimental version of Chrome. (Other builds won't return any devices when Navigator.getVRDisplays() is invoked.)
Notes Daydream View supported in Chrome 56.
Notes Google Cardboard supported in Chrome 57.
Disabled From version 56: this feature is behind the WebVR preference. To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Edge Mobile ? Firefox Android Full support 55Opera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android Full support 6.0
linearVelocity
Experimental
Chrome No support NoEdge Full support 15Firefox Full support 55
Notes
Full support 55
Notes
Notes Windows support was enabled in Firefox 55.
Full support 64
Notes
Notes macOS support was enabled in Firefox 64.
IE No support NoOpera ? Safari ? WebView Android No support NoChrome Android Full support 56
Notes Disabled
Full support 56
Notes Disabled
Notes Only works in an experimental version of Chrome. (Other builds won't return any devices when Navigator.getVRDisplays() is invoked.)
Notes Daydream View supported in Chrome 56.
Notes Google Cardboard supported in Chrome 57.
Disabled From version 56: this feature is behind the WebVR preference. To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Edge Mobile ? Firefox Android Full support 55Opera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android Full support 6.0
position
Experimental
Chrome No support NoEdge Full support 15Firefox Full support 55
Notes
Full support 55
Notes
Notes Windows support was enabled in Firefox 55.
Full support 64
Notes
Notes macOS support was enabled in Firefox 64.
IE No support NoOpera ? Safari ? WebView Android No support NoChrome Android Full support 56
Notes Disabled
Full support 56
Notes Disabled
Notes Only works in an experimental version of Chrome. (Other builds won't return any devices when Navigator.getVRDisplays() is invoked.)
Notes Daydream View supported in Chrome 56.
Notes Google Cardboard supported in Chrome 57.
Disabled From version 56: this feature is behind the WebVR preference. To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Edge Mobile ? Firefox Android Full support 55Opera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android Full support 6.0
orientation
Experimental
Chrome No support NoEdge Full support 15Firefox Full support 55
Notes
Full support 55
Notes
Notes Windows support was enabled in Firefox 55.
Full support 64
Notes
Notes macOS support was enabled in Firefox 64.
IE No support NoOpera ? Safari ? WebView Android No support NoChrome Android Full support 56
Notes Disabled
Full support 56
Notes Disabled
Notes Only works in an experimental version of Chrome. (Other builds won't return any devices when Navigator.getVRDisplays() is invoked.)
Notes Daydream View supported in Chrome 56.
Notes Google Cardboard supported in Chrome 57.
Disabled From version 56: this feature is behind the WebVR preference. To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Edge Mobile ? Firefox Android Full support 55Opera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android Full support 6.0
timestamp
ExperimentalDeprecatedNon-standard
Chrome No support NoEdge Full support 15Firefox No support NoIE No support NoOpera ? Safari ? WebView Android No support NoChrome Android No support NoEdge Mobile No support NoFirefox Android ? Opera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android No support No

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
Non-standard. Expect poor cross-browser support.
Non-standard. Expect poor cross-browser support.
Deprecated. Not for use in new websites.
Deprecated. Not for use in new websites.
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Contributors to this page: jpmedley, fscholz, chrisdavidmills, abbycar, Sebastianz
Last updated by: jpmedley,