Array.prototype.find()

The find() method returns the value of the first element in the provided array that satisfies the provided testing function.

Syntax

arr.find(callback(element[, index[, array]])[, thisArg])

Parameters

callback
Function to execute on each value in the array, taking 3 arguments:
element
The current element in the array.
index Optional
The index (position) of the current element in the array.
array Optional
The array that find was called on.
thisArg Optional
Object to use as this inside callback.

Return value

The value of the first element in the array that satisfies the provided testing function. Otherwise, undefined is returned.

Description

The find method executes the callback function once for each index of the array until the callback returns a truthy value. If so, find immediately returns the value of that element. Otherwise, find returns undefined.

callback is invoked for every index of the array, not just those with assigned values. This means it may be less efficient for sparse arrays, compared to methods that only visit assigned values.

If a thisArg parameter is provided to find, it will be used as the this value inside each invocation of the callback. If it is not provided, then undefined is used.

The find method does not mutate the array on which it is called, but the function provided to callback can. If so, the elements processed by find are set before the first invocation of callback. Therefore:

  • callback will not visit any elements added to the array after the call to find begins.
  • If an existing, yet-unvisited element of the array is changed by callback, its value passed to the callback will be the value at the time find visits that element's index.
  • Elements that are deleted are still visited.

Examples

Find an object in an array by one of its properties

const inventory = [
  {name: 'apples', quantity: 2},
  {name: 'bananas', quantity: 0},
  {name: 'cherries', quantity: 5}
];

function isCherries(fruit) { 
  return fruit.name === 'cherries';
}

console.log(inventory.find(isCherries)); 
// { name: 'cherries', quantity: 5 }

Using arrow function and destructuring

const inventory = [
  {name: 'apples', quantity: 2},
  {name: 'bananas', quantity: 0},
  {name: 'cherries', quantity: 5}
];

const result = inventory.find( ({ name }) => name === 'cherries' );

console.log(result) // { name: 'cherries', quantity: 5 }

Find a prime number in an array

The following example finds an element in the array that is a prime number (or returns undefined if there is no prime number):

function isPrime(element, index, array) {
  let start = 2;
  while (start <= Math.sqrt(element)) {
    if (element % start++ < 1) {
      return false;
    }
  }
  return element > 1;
}

console.log([4, 6, 8, 12].find(isPrime)); // undefined, not found
console.log([4, 5, 8, 12].find(isPrime)); // 5

The following examples show that nonexistent and deleted elements are visited, and that the value passed to the callback is their value when visited:

// Declare array with no elements at indexes 2, 3, and 4
const array = [0,1,,,,5,6];

// Shows all indexes, not just those with assigned values
array.find(function(value, index) {
  console.log('Visited index ', index, ' with value ', value); 
});

// Shows all indexes, including deleted
array.find(function(value, index) {
  // Delete element 5 on first iteration
  if (index === 0) {
    console.log('Deleting array[5] with value ', array[5]);
    delete array[5];
  }
  // Element 5 is still visited even though deleted
  console.log('Visited index ', index, ' with value ', value); 
});
// expected output:
// Deleting array[5] with value 5 
// Visited index 0 with value 0 
// Visited index 1 with value 1 
// Visited index 2 with value undefined 
// Visited index 3 with value undefined 
// Visited index 4 with value undefined 
// Visited index 5 with value undefined 
// Visited index 6 with value 6

Polyfill

This method has been added to the ECMAScript 2015 specification and may not be available in all JavaScript implementations yet. However, you can polyfill Array.prototype.find with the following snippet:

// https://tc39.github.io/ecma262/#sec-array.prototype.find
if (!Array.prototype.find) {
  Object.defineProperty(Array.prototype, 'find', {
    value: function(predicate) {
      // 1. Let O be ? ToObject(this value).
      if (this == null) {
        throw TypeError('"this" is null or not defined');
      }

      var o = Object(this);

      // 2. Let len be ? ToLength(? Get(O, "length")).
      var len = o.length >>> 0;

      // 3. If IsCallable(predicate) is false, throw a TypeError exception.
      if (typeof predicate !== 'function') {
        throw TypeError('predicate must be a function');
      }

      // 4. If thisArg was supplied, let T be thisArg; else let T be undefined.
      var thisArg = arguments[1];

      // 5. Let k be 0.
      var k = 0;

      // 6. Repeat, while k < len
      while (k < len) {
        // a. Let Pk be ! ToString(k).
        // b. Let kValue be ? Get(O, Pk).
        // c. Let testResult be ToBoolean(? Call(predicate, T, « kValue, k, O »)).
        // d. If testResult is true, return kValue.
        var kValue = o[k];
        if (predicate.call(thisArg, kValue, k, o)) {
          return kValue;
        }
        // e. Increase k by 1.
        k++;
      }

      // 7. Return undefined.
      return undefined;
    },
    configurable: true,
    writable: true
  });
}

If you need to support truly obsolete JavaScript engines that don't support Object.defineProperty, it is best not to polyfill Array.prototype at all, as you cannot make it non-enumerable.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Array.prototype.find' in that specification.
Draft
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Array.prototype.find' in that specification.
Standard 初回定義

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobileServer
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung InternetNode.js
findChrome Full support 45Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 25IE No support NoOpera Full support 32Safari Full support 8WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support 45Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support 4.0.0
Full support 4.0.0
Full support 0.12
Disabled
Disabled From version 0.12: this feature is behind the --harmony runtime flag.

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.

See also