SharedArrayBuffer 객체는 제네릭, 고정된 길이의 원시 바이너리 데이터 버퍼를 표현하는데 사용됩니다. ArrayBuffer 객체와 유사하지만, 공유된 메모리상의 뷰를 생성하는데 사용될 수 있습니다. ArrayBuffer 와는 달리, SharedArrayBuffer 는 분리될 수 없습니다.

Spectre 에대한 응답으로 2018년 1월 5일에 SharedArrayBuffer 는 모든 주요 브라우저에서 기본적으로 비활성화되어있음을 참고하세요. Chrome 은 사이트 격리 기능을 사용하여 Spectre 스타일 취약점으로부터 보호될 수 있는 플랫폼상의 v67 에서 이를 다시 활성화하였습니다.

구문

new SharedArrayBuffer(length)

파라미터

length
생성할 array buffer 의 바이트 크기.

반환 값

크기가 지정된 새로운 SharedArrayBuffer 객체입니다. 컨텐츠는 0 으로 초기화됩니다.

설명

할당 및 메모리 공유

SharedArrayBuffer 객체를 사용해 메모리를 하나의 agent(agent 는 웹 페이지의 메인 프로그램 또는 웹 워커 중 하나입니다)와 다른 agent 에서 공유하기 위해, postMessagestructured cloning 이 사용됩니다.

Structured clone 알고리즘은 SharedArrayBuffer 와 SharedArrayBuffer 상에 맵핑된 TypedArray 를 받아들입니다. 이 두 경우에서, SharedArrayBuffer 객체는 수신자(receiver)에게 전달되어 수신 agent(예, ArrayBuffer)의 새로운 비공개의 SharedArrayBuffer 객체를 생성합니다. 하지만, 두 SharedArrayBuffer 에 의해 참조되는 공유 데이터 블록은 같은 블록이며, 부수적인 효과로, 하나의 agent 가 다른 agent 에서 보이게 됩니다.

var sab = new SharedArrayBuffer(1024);
worker.postMessage(sab);

Atomic operation 으로 공유 메모리 수정 및 동기화

공유 메모리는 워커나 메인 스레드에서 동시에 수정 및 생성할 수 있습니다. 시스템(CPU, OS, 브라우저)에따라 변경사항이 전체 컨텍스트로 전파될때까지 약간의 시간이 필요합니다. 동기화를 위해선, atomic 연산이 필요합니다.

SharedArrayBuffer 객체를 사용할 수 있는 API

생성자는 new 연산자를 필요로 함

SharedArrayBuffer 생성자는 생성될 때, new 연산자를 필요로 합니다. SharedArrayBuffer 생성자를 new 없이 함수로써 호출하면, TypeError 를 일으킬 것 입니다.

var sab = SharedArrayBuffer(1024);
// TypeError: calling a builtin SharedArrayBuffer constructor 
// without new is forbidden
var sab = new SharedArrayBuffer(1024);

속성

SharedArrayBuffer.length
값이 1인 SharedArrayBuffer 생성자의 length 속성입니다.
SharedArrayBuffer.prototype
모든 SharedArrayBuffer 객체에 프로퍼티 추가를 가능하게 해줍니다.

SharedArrayBuffer prototype 객체

모든 SharedArrayBuffer 인스턴스는 SharedArrayBuffer.prototype 를 상속합니다.

속성

SharedArrayBuffer.prototype.constructor
Specifies the function that creates an object's prototype. The initial value is the standard built-in SharedArrayBuffer constructor.
SharedArrayBuffer.prototype.byteLength Read only
The size, in bytes, of the array. This is established when the array is constructed and cannot be changed. Read only.

메소드

SharedArrayBuffer.prototype.slice(begin, end)
Returns a new SharedArrayBuffer whose contents are a copy of this SharedArrayBuffer's bytes from begin, inclusive, up to end, exclusive. If either begin or end is negative, it refers to an index from the end of the array, as opposed to from the beginning.

명세

명세 상태 코멘트
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'SharedArrayBuffer' in that specification.
Draft ES2017 에서 초기 정의.
ECMAScript 2017 (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'SharedArrayBuffer' in that specification.
Standard  

브라우저 호환성

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobileServer
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung InternetNode.js
SharedArrayBufferChrome Full support 68
Full support 68
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This was a temporary removal while mitigations were put in place.
Edge No support 16 — 17
Notes
No support 16 — 17
Notes
Notes Support was removed to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Windows blog).
Firefox Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Notes Support was disabled by default to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Mozilla Security Blog).
Disabled From version 57: this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
No support 55 — 57
No support 46 — 55
Disabled
Disabled From version 46 until version 55 (exclusive): this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support 10.1 — ?WebView Android No support 60 — 63
Notes
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This is intended as a temporary measure until other mitigations are in place.
Chrome Android No support 60 — 63
Notes
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This is intended as a temporary measure until other mitigations are in place.
Firefox Android Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Notes Support was disabled by default to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Mozilla Security Blog).
Disabled From version 57: this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
No support 55 — 57
No support 46 — 55
Disabled
Disabled From version 46 until version 55 (exclusive): this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support Nonodejs Full support 8.10.0
byteLengthChrome Full support 68
Full support 68
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This was a temporary removal while mitigations were put in place.
Edge No support 16 — 17
Notes
No support 16 — 17
Notes
Notes Support was removed to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Windows blog).
Firefox Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Notes Support was disabled by default to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Mozilla Security Blog).
Disabled From version 57: this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
No support 55 — 57
No support 46 — 55
Disabled
Disabled From version 46 until version 55 (exclusive): this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support 10.1 — ?WebView Android No support 60 — 63
Notes
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This is intended as a temporary measure until other mitigations are in place.
Chrome Android No support 60 — 63
Notes
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This is intended as a temporary measure until other mitigations are in place.
Firefox Android Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Notes Support was disabled by default to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Mozilla Security Blog).
Disabled From version 57: this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
No support 55 — 57
No support 46 — 55
Disabled
Disabled From version 46 until version 55 (exclusive): this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support Nonodejs Full support 8.10.0
prototypeChrome Full support 68
Full support 68
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This was a temporary removal while mitigations were put in place.
Edge No support 16 — 17
Notes
No support 16 — 17
Notes
Notes Support was removed to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Windows blog).
Firefox Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Notes Support was disabled by default to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Mozilla Security Blog).
Disabled From version 57: this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
No support 55 — 57
No support 46 — 55
Disabled
Disabled From version 46 until version 55 (exclusive): this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support 10.1 — ?WebView Android No support 60 — 63
Notes
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This is intended as a temporary measure until other mitigations are in place.
Chrome Android No support 60 — 63
Notes
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This is intended as a temporary measure until other mitigations are in place.
Firefox Android Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Notes Support was disabled by default to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Mozilla Security Blog).
Disabled From version 57: this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
No support 55 — 57
No support 46 — 55
Disabled
Disabled From version 46 until version 55 (exclusive): this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support Nonodejs No support No
SharedArrayBuffer in DataViewChrome Full support 68
Full support 68
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This was a temporary removal while mitigations were put in place.
Edge No support NoFirefox Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Notes Support was disabled by default to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Mozilla Security Blog).
Disabled From version 57: this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
No support 55 — 57
No support 46 — 55
Disabled
Disabled From version 46 until version 55 (exclusive): this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support 10.1 — ?WebView Android No support 60 — 63
Notes
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This is intended as a temporary measure until other mitigations are in place.
Chrome Android No support 60 — 63
Notes
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This is intended as a temporary measure until other mitigations are in place.
Firefox Android Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Notes Support was disabled by default to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Mozilla Security Blog).
Disabled From version 57: this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
No support 55 — 57
No support 46 — 55
Disabled
Disabled From version 46 until version 55 (exclusive): this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support Nonodejs No support No
sliceChrome Full support 68
Full support 68
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This was a temporary removal while mitigations were put in place.
Edge No support 16 — 17
Notes
No support 16 — 17
Notes
Notes Support was removed to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Windows blog).
Firefox Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Notes Support was disabled by default to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Mozilla Security Blog).
Disabled From version 57: this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
No support 55 — 57
No support 46 — 55
Disabled
Disabled From version 46 until version 55 (exclusive): this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support 10.1 — ?WebView Android No support 60 — 63
Notes
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This is intended as a temporary measure until other mitigations are in place.
Chrome Android No support 60 — 63
Notes
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This is intended as a temporary measure until other mitigations are in place.
Firefox Android Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Notes Support was disabled by default to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Mozilla Security Blog).
Disabled From version 57: this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
No support 55 — 57
No support 46 — 55
Disabled
Disabled From version 46 until version 55 (exclusive): this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support Nonodejs Full support 8.10.0

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.

함께 보기

문서 태그 및 공헌자

이 페이지의 공헌자: mdnwebdocs-bot, cs09g, ENvironmentSet
최종 변경자: mdnwebdocs-bot,