The HTMLElement.focus() method sets focus on the specified element, if it can be focused. The focused element is the element which will receive keyboard and similar events by default.

Syntax

element.focus(options); // Object parameter

Parameters

options Optional
An optional object providing options to control aspects of the focusing process. This object may contain the following property:
preventScroll Optional
A Boolean value indicating whether or not the browser should scroll the document to bring the newly-focused element into view. A value of false for preventScroll (the default) means that the browser will scroll the element into view after focusing it. If preventScroll is set to true, no scrolling will occur.

Examples

Focus on a text field

JavaScript

focusMethod = function getFocus() {           
  document.getElementById("myTextField").focus();
}

HTML

<input type="text" id="myTextField" value="Text field.">
<p></p>
<button type="button" onclick="focusMethod()">Click me to focus on the text field!</button>

Result

Focus on a button

JavaScript

focusMethod = function getFocus() {          
  document.getElementById("myButton").focus();
}

HTML

<button type="button" id="myButton">Click Me!</button>
<p></p>
<button type="button" onclick="focusMethod()">Click me to focus on the button!</button>

Result

Focus with focusOption

JavaScript

focusScrollMethod = function getFocus() {          
  document.getElementById("myButton").focus({preventScroll:false});
}
focusNoScrollMethod = function getFocusWithoutScrolling() {          
  document.getElementById("myButton").focus({preventScroll:true});
}

HTML

<button type="button" onclick="focusScrollMethod()">Click me to focus on the button!</button>
<button type="button" onclick="focusNoScrollMethod()">Click me to focus on the button without scrolling!</button>

<div id="container" style="height: 1000px; width: 1000px;"> 
<button type="button" id="myButton" style="margin-top: 500px;">Click Me!</button>
</div>

Result

Specification

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'focus' in that specification.
Living Standard
HTML 5.1
The definition of 'focus' in that specification.
Recommendation
HTML5
The definition of 'focus' in that specification.
Recommendation
Document Object Model (DOM) Level 2 HTML Specification
The definition of 'focus' in that specification.
Obsolete
Document Object Model (DOM) Level 1 Specification
The definition of 'focus' in that specification.
Obsolete

Notes

If you call HTMLElement.focus() from a mousedown event handler, you must call event.preventDefault() to keep the focus from leaving the HTMLElement.

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
focusChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 5IE Full support 9Opera Full support 32Safari Full support 10WebView Android Full support 4.4Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 5Opera Android Full support 32Safari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?
preventScroll Boolean optionChrome Full support 64Edge ? Firefox Full support 68IE ? Opera Full support 51Safari ? WebView Android Full support 64Chrome Android Full support 64Firefox Android Full support 68Opera Android Full support 47Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown

See also