HTMLImageElement.naturalWidth

The HTMLImageElement interface's read-only naturalWidth property returns the intrinsic (natural), density-corrected width of the image in CSS pixels. This is the width the image is if drawn with nothing constraining its width; if you neither specify a width for the image nor place the image inside a container that limits or expressly specifies the image width, this is the number of CSS pixels wide the image will be.

The corresponding naturalHeight method returns the natural height of the image.

Syntax

let naturalWidth = htmlImageElement.naturalWidth;

Value

An integer value indicating the intrinsic width of the image, in CSS pixels. This is the width at which the image is naturally drawn when no constraint or specific value is established for the image. This natural width is corrected for the pixel density of the device on which it's being presented, unlike the value of width.

If the intrinsic width is not available—either because the image does not specify an intrinsic width or because the image data is not available in order to obtain this information, naturalWidth returns 0.

Example

This example simply displays both the natural, density-adjusted size of an image as well as its rendered size as altered by the page's CSS and other factors.

HTML

<div class="box">
  <img src="/files/16797/clock-demo-400px.png" class="image">
</div>
<div class="output">
</div>

The HTML features a 400x398 pixel image which is placed inside a <div>.

CSS

.box {
  width: 200px;
  height: 200px;
}

.image {
  width: 100%;
}

.output {
  padding-top: 2em;
}

The main thing of note in the CSS above is that the style used for the container the image will be drawn in is 200px wide, and the image will be drawn to fill its width (100%).

JavaScript

let output = document.querySelector(".output");
let image = document.querySelector("img");

window.addEventListener("load", event => {
  output.innerHTML += `Natural size: ${image.naturalWidth} x ` +
                      `${image.naturalHeight} pixels<br>`;
  output.innerHTML += `Displayed size: ${image.width} x ` +
                      `${image.height} pixels`;
});

The JavaScript code simply dumps the natural and as-displayed sizes into the <div> with the class output. This is done in response to the window's load event handler, in order to ensure that the image is available before attempting to examine its width and height.

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'HTMLImageElement.naturalWidth' in that specification.
Living Standard

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
naturalWidthChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support YesIE Full support 9Opera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android ? Safari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown