RTCDataChannel: error event

A WebRTC error event is sent to an RTCDataChannel object's onerror error handler when an error occurs on the data channel.

Bubbles Yes
Cancelable No
Interface RTCErrorEvent
Event handler property onerror

The RTCErrorEvent object provides details about the error that occurred; see that article for details.


// Strings for each of the SCTP cause codes found in RFC
// 4960, section 3.3.10:
// https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/html/rfc4960#section-3.3.10

const sctpCauseCodes = [
  "No SCTP error",
  "Invalid stream identifier",
  "Missing mandatory parameter",
  "Stale cookie error",
  "Sender is out of resource (i.e., memory)",
  "Unable to resolve address",
  "Unrecognized SCTP chunk type received",
  "Invalid mandatory parameter",
  "Unrecognized parameters",
  "No user data (SCTP DATA chunk has no data)",
  "Cookie received while shutting down",
  "Restart of an association with new addresses",
  "User-initiated abort",
  "Protocol violation"

dc.addEventListener("error", ev => {
  const err = ev.error;

  console.error("WebRTC error: ", err.message);

  // Handle specific error detail types

  switch(err.errorDetail) {
    case "sdp-syntax-error":
      console.error("    SDP syntax error in line ", err.sdpLineNumber);
    case "idp-load-failure":
      console.error("    Identity provider load failure: HTTP error ",
    case "sctp-failure":
      if (err.sctpCauseCode < sctpCauseCodes.length) {
        console.error("    SCTP failure: ", err.sctpCauseCode);
      } else {
        console.error("    Unknown SCTP error");
    case "dtls-failure":
      if (err.receivedAlert) {
        console.error("    Received DLTS failure alert: ", err.receivedAlert);
      if (err.sentAlert) {
        console.error("    Sent DLTS failure alert: ", err.receivedAlert);

  // Add source file name and line information

  console.error("    Error in file ", err.filename, " at line ", err.lineNumber,
                ", column ", err.columnNumber);
}, false);

The received event provides details in an RTCError object called error; RTCError is an extension of the DOMException interface. The error's name is RTCError and the message is an error string specified by the WebRTC layer.

Error information is output to the console using console.error(). The message string is always output, as is information about the source file's name, line number, and column number at which the error occurred.

In addition, however, depending on the value of errorDetail, additional information may be output. Each error type has a different set of information output. For example, an SDP syntax error displays the line number of the error within the SDP, and an SCTP error displays a message corresponding to the SCTP cause code. Other error types similarly output appropriate information.

You can also set up an event handler for error events using the RTCDataChannel interface's onerror event handler property:

dc.onerror = ev => {
  const err = ev.error;

  /* ... */

Note: Since RTCError is not one of the legacy errors, the value of RTCError.code is always 0.


Specification Status Comment
WebRTC 1.0: Real-time Communication Between Browsers
The definition of 'error event' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial specification.

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also