The HTML <hr> element represents a thematic break between paragraph-level elements: for example, a change of scene in a story, or a shift of topic with a section.

Historically, this has been presented as a horizontal rule or line. While it may still be displayed as a horizontal rule in visual browsers, this element is now defined in semantic terms, rather than presentational terms, so if you wish to draw a horizontal line, you should do so using appropriate CSS.

Content categories Flow content.
Permitted content None, it is an empty element.
Tag omission It must have start tag, but must not have an end tag.
Permitted parents Any element that accepts flow content.
Permitted ARIA roles presentation
DOM interface HTMLHRElement

Attributes

This element's attributes include the global attributes.

align
Sets the alignment of the rule on the page. If no value is specified, the default value is left.
color
Sets the color of the rule through color name or hexadecimal value.
noshade 
Sets the rule to have no shading.
size 
Sets the height, in pixels, of the rule.
width 
Sets the length of the rule on the page through a pixel or percentage value.

Example

<p>
  This is the first paragraph of text.
  This is the first paragraph of text.
  This is the first paragraph of text.
  This is the first paragraph of text.
</p>

<hr>

<p>
  This is the second paragraph of text.
  This is the second paragraph of text.
  This is the second paragraph of text.
  This is the second paragraph of text.
</p>

Above HTML will output:

This is the first paragraph of text. This is the first paragraph of text. This is the first paragraph of text. This is the first paragraph of text.


This is the second paragraph of text. This is the second paragraph of text. This is the second paragraph of text. This is the second paragraph of text.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of '<hr>' in that specification.
Living Standard Definition of the hr element
HTML5
The definition of '<hr>' in that specification.
Recommendation  
HTML 4.01 Specification
The definition of '<hr>' in that specification.
Recommendation The align, noshade, size and width attributes are deprecated

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
align
DeprecatedNon-standard
Chrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
color
DeprecatedNon-standard
Chrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
noshade
DeprecatedNon-standard
Chrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
size
DeprecatedNon-standard
Chrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
width
DeprecatedNon-standard
Chrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Non-standard. Expect poor cross-browser support.
Non-standard. Expect poor cross-browser support.
Deprecated. Not for use in new websites.
Deprecated. Not for use in new websites.

See also