The HTML <optgroup> element creates a grouping of options within a <select> element.

Content categories None.
Permitted content Zero or more <option> elements.
Tag omission The start tag is mandatory. The end tag is optional if this element is immediately followed by another <optgroup> element, or if the parent element has no more content.
Permitted parents A <select> element.
Permitted ARIA roles None
DOM interface HTMLOptGroupElement

Note: Optgroup elements may not be nested.

Attributes

This element includes the global attributes.

disabled
If this Boolean attribute is set, none of the items in this option group is selectable. Often browsers grey out such control and it won't receive any browsing events, like mouse clicks or focus-related ones.
label
The name of the group of options, which the browser can use when labeling the options in the user interface. This attribute is mandatory if this element is used.

Example

<select>
  <optgroup label="Group 1">
    <option>Option 1.1</option>
  </optgroup> 
  <optgroup label="Group 2">
    <option>Option 2.1</option>
    <option>Option 2.2</option>
  </optgroup>
  <optgroup label="Group 3" disabled>
    <option>Option 3.1</option>
    <option>Option 3.2</option>
    <option>Option 3.3</option>
  </optgroup>
</select>

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of '<optgroup>' in that specification.
Living Standard  
HTML5
The definition of '<optgroup>' in that specification.
Recommendation  
HTML 4.01 Specification
The definition of '<optgroup>' in that specification.
Recommendation  

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support 1Edge Full support YesFirefox Full support 1IE Full support 5.5Opera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
disabledChrome Full support 1Edge Full support YesFirefox Full support 1IE Full support 8Opera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
labelChrome Full support 1Edge Full support YesFirefox Full support 1IE Full support 5.5Opera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: sideshowbarker,