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The :lang() CSS pseudo-class matches elements based on the language they are determined to be in.

/* Selects any <p> in English (en) */
p:lang(en) {
  quotes: '\201C' '\201D' '\2018' '\2019';
}

Note: In HTML, the language is determined by a combination of the lang attribute, the <meta> element, and possibly by information from the protocol (such as HTTP headers). For other document types there may be other document methods for determining the language.

Syntax

Formal syntax

:lang( <language-code> )

Parameter

<language-code>
A <string> representing the language you want to target. Acceptable values are specified in the HTML spec.

Example

In this example, the :lang() pseudo-class is used to match the parents of quote elements (<q>) using child combinators. Note that this doesn't illustrate the only way to do this, and that the best method to use depends on the type of document. Also note that Unicode values are used to specify some of the special quote characters.

HTML

<div lang="en"><q>This English quote has a <q>nested</q> quote inside.</q></div>
<div lang="fr"><q>This French quote has a <q>nested</q> quote inside.</q></div>
<div lang="de"><q>This German quote has a <q>nested</q> quote inside.</q></div>

CSS

:lang(en) > q { quotes: '\201C' '\201D' '\2018' '\2019'; }
:lang(fr) > q { quotes: '« ' ' »'; }
:lang(de) > q { quotes: '»' '«' '\2039' '\203A'; }

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Selectors Level 4
The definition of ':lang()' in that specification.
Working Draft Adds wildcard language matching and comma-separated list of languages.
Selectors Level 3
The definition of ':lang()' in that specification.
Recommendation No significant change.
CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
The definition of ':lang()' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
:lang()Chrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 8Opera Full support 8Safari Full support 3.1WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support 10.1Safari iOS Full support 3.1Samsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown

See also