::slotted()

:slotted() CSS 伪元素 用于选定那些被放在 HTML模板 中的元素 (更多请查看 使用模板和插槽).

这个伪类选择器仅仅适用于 影子节点树(Shadow Dom). 并且只会选择实际的元素节点, 而不包括文本节点.

/* Selects any element placed inside a slot */
::slotted(*) {
  font-weight: bold;
}

/* Selects any <span> placed inside a slot */
::slotted(span) {
  font-weight: bold;
}

语法

::slotted( <compound-selector-list> )

where
<compound-selector-list> = <compound-selector>#

where
<compound-selector> = [ <type-selector>? <subclass-selector>* [ <pseudo-element-selector> <pseudo-class-selector>* ]* ]!

where
<type-selector> = <wq-name> | <ns-prefix>? '*'
<subclass-selector> = <id-selector> | <class-selector> | <attribute-selector> | <pseudo-class-selector>
<pseudo-element-selector> = ':' <pseudo-class-selector>
<pseudo-class-selector> = ':' <ident-token> | ':' <function-token> <any-value> ')'

where
<wq-name> = <ns-prefix>? <ident-token>
<ns-prefix> = [ <ident-token> | '*' ]? |
<id-selector> = <hash-token>
<class-selector> = '.' <ident-token>
<attribute-selector> = '[' <wq-name> ']' | '[' <wq-name> <attr-matcher> [ <string-token> | <ident-token> ] <attr-modifier>? ']'

where
<attr-matcher> = [ '~' | | | '^' | '$' | '*' ]? '='
<attr-modifier> = i | s

样例

下面的小片段是关于 插槽伪类元素 小demo (点击查看实例).

在这个小demo 中, 我们使用一个带有3个插槽的HTML模板:

<template id="person-template">
  <div>
    <h2>Personal ID Card</h2>
    <slot name="person-name">NAME MISSING</slot>
    <ul>
      <li><slot name="person-age">AGE MISSING</slot></li>
      <li><slot name="person-occupation">OCCUPATION MISSING</slot></li>
    </ul>
  </div>
</template>

自定义元素 <person-details> 的定义如下:

customElements.define('person-details',
  class extends HTMLElement {
    constructor() {
      super();
      let template = document.getElementById('person-template');
      let templateContent = template.content;

      const shadowRoot = this.attachShadow({mode: 'open'});

      let style = document.createElement('style');
      style.textContent = 'div { padding: 10px; border: 1px solid gray; width: 200px; margin: 10px; }' +
                           'h2 { margin: 0 0 10px; }' +
                           'ul { margin: 0; }' +
                           'p { margin: 10px 0; }' +
                           '::slotted(*) { color: gray; font-family: sans-serif; } ';

      shadowRoot.appendChild(style);
      shadowRoot.appendChild(templateContent.cloneNode(true));
  }
})

为了更好地区分未被成功填充的插槽成功填充的插槽, 我们在CSS中选择了所有的插槽元素(::slotted(*)), 并填充了不一样的颜色和字体. 结果也是如此.

元素就像如下被填充了起来:

<person-details>
  <p slot="person-name">Dr. Shazaam</p>
  <span slot="person-age">Immortal</span>
  <span slot="person-occupation">Superhero</span>
</person-details>

规范

Specification Status Comment
CSS Scoping Module Level 1
::slotted
Working Draft Initial definition.

浏览器兼容性

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参考